[1]朱立宏.关于我国水稻高产育种的我见[J].南京农业大学学报,2007,30(1):129-135.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.026]
 ZHU Li-hong.Some critical considerations on rice high-yielding breeding in China[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2007,30(1):129-135.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.026]
点击复制

关于我国水稻高产育种的我见()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
30卷
期数:
2007年1期
页码:
129-135
栏目:
出版日期:
2007-02-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Some critical considerations on rice high-yielding breeding in China
作者:
朱立宏
南京农业大学水稻研究所,江苏,南京,210095
Author(s):
ZHU Li-hong
Institute of Rice Research, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
关键词:
水稻育种 现代高产稻 “超级稻” 高产稳产结合 遗传学与传统育种 生物技术
Keywords:
rice breeding modern high-yielding rice cultivars "superrice" integration of high yield and stability genetics and traditional breeding biotechnique
分类号:
S511
DOI:
10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.026
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
文章论述涉及:(1)我国水稻育种的历史演变和重大贡献,当前水稻育种面临因人口增长,社会经济及自然资源变化引起的严峻挑战,提出实现我国水稻育种新飞跃的内容和目标设想;(2)世界主要产稻国和地区超高产育种涉及的观念和内涵,“超级稻”称谓容易误导和误解;(3)我国水稻生产和品种选育的两条基本途径:建设高产稳产稻田,选育增产潜力大的超高产品种,改造中低产稻田,推广适应性强的高产品种;重视生态条件特异稻区的高产品种选育;(4)概述了遗传学研究发展与水稻育种发展前景的关系,强调经典遗传学理论及其指导下的育种方法和技术与生物技术相结合,在继续改良栽培稻种中的主导作用;呼吁我国新一代水稻育种学家关心遗传学的发展,提高自身的理论修养,发扬谦虚务实的传统高尚风貌,为发展水稻育种科学多作贡献。
Abstract:
Views and comments concerning the rice high-yielding breeding in China had been touched upon:(1)Historical development of rice breeding in China and its prominent contributions recounted;current challenges evolved from rapid population increase, erosion of key natural resourses and sociaeconomic changes envisaged. (2)Concept of extra high-yielding rice breeding and related ideas embraced nowaday in the main rice-producing countries assessed;the conception of so-called superrice adopted in China could have misled and misunderstood, no substantial genetical differences could be affirmed yet between superrice and modern high-yielding rice. (3)Two strategical approaches of rice production and breeding in China would have been persistent construction of most favorable-to-growth rice fields planted to rice varieties with high-yielding potentiality as well as renovation and rejuvenation of less favoarable rice fields planted to most adaptable-to-ecoenvironment varieties with promising productivity;in addition, breeding for rice varieties compatible with the specific rice regions ridden by adverse ecoenvironments. (4)Overview of the relationship between the development of genetical researches and the perspective of rice breeding;integration of the classical genetical principles and breeding methods and techniques wherefrom with modern biotechniques be underscored. Finally, appeal to rice breeders to adhere due attentions to the development of genetics and promote pragmatism and traditional ethic solemnly so as to live up to implementing the national breeding mandates.

参考文献/References:

[1] 陈报章,王象坤,张居中.舞阳贾湖新石器时代遗址碳化稻米的发现、形态学研究及意义[J].中国水稻科学.1995,9(3):129-134
[2] 杨守仁,张步龙,陈温福.水稻超高产育种的理论和方法[J].中国水稻科学.1996,10(2):115-120
[3] 杨守仁.浅论株型与优势相结合的水稻超高产育种新学说[J].沈阳科协.2004(3):1-2
[4] 邹江石,吕川根.水稻超高产育种的实践与思考[J].作物学报.2005,31(2):254-258
[5] 申宗坦,吕子同,李壬生.选育早熟矮秆水稻类型中一些性状的遗传分析[J].作物学报.1965,4(4):391-402
[6] 朱立宏,顾铭洪,薛元龙.籼稻矮秆遗传及其利用[J].南京农学院学报.1980(2):1-7
[7] 朱立宏,谢重庆,王浩熙.籼稻矮秆等基因系分析[J].中国水稻科学.1995,9(3):141-148
[8] Aquino R C,Jennings P R.Inheritance and significance of dwarfism in an indica rice variety[J].Crop Science.1966,6:531-534
[9] Crow J F.The rise and fall of overdominance[J].Plant Breeding Reviews.2000,17:225-226
[10] Khush G S.Disease and insect resistance in rice[J].Advances In Agronomy.1977,29:265-341
[11] Khush G S,Brar D S.Rice genetics from mendel to functional genomics[A].2000
[12] Chang T T,Li C C,Luh B S.Genetics and breeding[M].Rice:Production and Utilization.1980
[13] Li Y C,Yuan L P.Genetic analysis of fertility restoration in male sterility lines of rice[A].1986
[14] 袁平荣,孙传清,杨从党.云南籼稻每公顷15吨高产的产量及其结构分析[J].作物学报.2000,26(6):756-762
[15] 金善宝.民以食为天[N].光明日报.1981-10-23
[16] 陈耀邦.正确认识农业面临的形势与任务[J].求是.1998(12):2-6
[17] Goff S A,Ricke D,Lan Y H.A draft sequence of the rice genome(Oryza sativa L.ssp.japonica)[J].Science.2002,296:92-100
[18] Harushima Y,Yano M,Shomura A.A high-density rice genetic linkage map with 2275 markers using a single F2 population[J].Genetics.1998,148:479-494
[19] McCouch S R,Teytelman L,Xu Y.Development and mapping of 2240 new SSR markers for rice(Oryza sativa L.)[J].Dna Research.2002,9:199-207
[20] Yu J,Hu S,Wang J.A draft sequence of the rice genome(Oryza sativa L.ssp.indica)[J].Science.2002,296:79-92
[21] 莫惠栋.数量性状遗传基础研究的回顾与思考--后基因组时代数量遗传领域的挑战[J].扬州大学学报(农业与生命科学版).2003,24(2):24-31
[22] Lander E S,Botstein D.Mapping Mendelian factors underlying quantitative traits using RFLP linkage maps[J].Genetics.1989,121:185-199
[23] 周拾禄.三十年来之中国稻作改良(上)[J].中国稻作.1948,7(1):2-5
[24] Li Z.DNA markers and QTL mapping in rice[A].1999
[25] Li Z.QTL mapping in rice-A few critical considerations[A].2001:153-171
[26] Gale M,Moore G,Devos K.Rice:a central genome for the genetics of all cereals[A].2001:79-88
[27] Gale M D,Devos K M,Moore G.Rice as the pivotal genome for grass comparative genetics[A].1996:77-84
[28] Ikehashi H,Araki H.Varietal screening of compatability types revealed in F1 fertility of distant crosses in rice[J].Japanese Journal of Breeding.1984,34(3):303-313
[29] Ikehashi H,Araki H.Genetics of F1 fertility in remote crosses of rice[A].1986
[30] 邹江石,聂毓琦,潘启民.广亲和选系"02428"在籼粳亚种间杂交的初步利用[J].中国农业科学.1989,22(1):6-14
[31] 张桂权,卢永根.栽培稻杂种不育性的遗传基础[J].华南农业大学学报.1987,8(3):53-62
[32] 卢永根,张桂权.特异亲和基因及其在杂交水稻育种上利用的设想[J].福建稻麦科技.1992,10(1):1-4
[33] Wan J M,Yanagihara S,Kato H.Multiple alleles at a new locus causing hybrid sterity between a Korean indica variety and a javanica variety in rice(Oryza sativa L.)[J].Japanese Journal of Breeding.1993,43:507-516
[34] 东正昭,徐正进.日本水稻超高产育种的状况和今后的设想[J].水稻文摘.1989,8(3):6-9
[35] Wan J,Ikehashi H.List of sterity gene loci(HSGLi) in cultivated rice(Oryza sativa L.)[J].Rice Genetics Newsletter.1996,13:110-114
[36] Mather K,Jinks J L.Introduction to Biometrical Genetics[M].London,UK:Chapman and Hall.1977
[37] Mather K,Jinks J L.Biometrical Genetics[M].London,UK:Chapman and Hall.1982
[38] Chang T T,Li C C,Luh B S.Genetics and breeding[M].Rice:Production.1991
[39] Pathak M P,Saxena R C.Breeding approaches in rice[A].1980
[40] Hu C H.Breeding of California long grain and pearl rice varieties with high yields and good grain quality[J].育种学杂志(日文).1983,33(2):195-207
[41] Takahashi M.Linkage groups and gene schemes of some striking morphological characters in Japanese rice[A].1964
[42] McCouch S R,Cochert G,Yu Z Y.Molecular mapping of rice chromosomes[J].Theoretical and Applied Genetics.1988,76:815-829
[43] .[J].农报.1942,7(16-21):323-326
[44] 程式华,廖西元,闵绍楷.中国超级稻研究:背景、目标和育种问题的思考[J].中国稻米.1998(1):3-5
[45] .中国农业年鉴(1986,1991-2001,2004)[M].北京:中国农业出版社.2004
[46] .IRRI Toward 2000 and beyond[Z].1989
[47] .IRRI 2005-2007 Midterm Plan[Z].
[48] 农业部科技教育司.中国超级稻研究与推广规划(2005-2010)[M].2005
[49] .[J].US Rice Journal.1983,86(5):10
[50] 程式华,曹立勇,陈深广.后期功能型超级杂交稻的概念及生物学意义[J].中国水稻科学.2005,19(3):280-284
[51] 黄耀祥.水稻超高产育种研究[J].作物杂志.1990(4):1-2
[52] 黄耀祥.半矮秆、早长根深、超高产、特优质中国超级稻生态育种工程[J].广东农业科学.2001(3):2-6
[53] 杨守仁.水稻超高产育种的新动向--理想株形与有利优势相结合[J].沈阳农业大学学报.1987,18(1):1-5

更新日期/Last Update: 2007-02-28