ZHUANG Lifang,QI Zengjun.Recent advances in inducing and application of plant chromosome aberrations[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(1):3-17.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201705036]





Recent advances in inducing and application of plant chromosome aberrations
庄丽芳 亓增军
南京农业大学作物遗传与种质创新国家重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210095
ZHUANG Lifang QI Zengjun
State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
plantchromosome engineeringphysical mutagenesischemical mutagenesisgenetic mutagenesis
Chromosome engineering refers to a kind of plant improvement technology in which chromosome aberrations are artificially induced. Chromosome aberrations play significant roles not only in transfering and utilization of alien genes,chromosome ploidy manipulation and reverse breeding,but also in chromosome genomics,physical mapping and chromosome biology.With the development of plant genomics,molecular markers and chromosome identification technology,more chromosome aberrations with different purposes have been induced by chemical,physical and biological methods and identified for both plant improvement and genetic study. Recent progress of such researches was summarized and problems and prospects of induction and application of plant chromosome aberrations were discussed.


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