ZHONG Xiaoqun,LI Xiangfei,CAI Wancun,et al.Effects of fermented feed on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity,fillet quality and immunity of juvenile carp(Cyprinus carpio)[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(1):154-162.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201703024]





Effects of fermented feed on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity,fillet quality and immunity of juvenile carp(Cyprinus carpio)
钟小群1 李向飞1 蔡万存1 徐超1 李其松2 黄健2 刘文斌1
1. 南京农业大学动物科技学院/江苏省水产动物营养重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210095;
2. 南京宝辉生物饲料有限公司, 江苏 南京 211156
ZHONG Xiaoqun1 LI Xiangfei1 CAI Wancun1 XU Chao1 LI Qisong2 HUANG Jian2 LIU Wenbin1
1. College of Animal Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Aquatic Nutrition of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
2. Nanjing Baohui Biological Feed Co., Ltd., Nanjing 211156, China
fermented feedcarpgrowth performancefillet qualitydigestive enzymesimmune function
[Objectives]This study aimes to investigate the effects of fermented feed on the growth performance,digestive enzyme activities,fillet quality and immunity of juvenile carp(Cyprinus carpio). [Methods]A total of 5 experimental feeds were prepared:the basal feed(G1),the basal feed supplemented with 2.5%(G2) or 5.0%(G3) of fermented feed,5%(G4) or 10%(G5) of fermented feed substituting the rapeseed meal in basal feed. Three hundred carp were randomly divided into five groups,there were four repetitions in each group,and each repetition had fifteen tails of carp,and each group was fed with one kinds of feed. Fish were fed three times daily for 10 weeks. After the feeding trial,the samples were collected with the parameters measured. [Results]The results showed that the feed conversion ratio of G1 was significantly higher than that of G3,G4 and G5(P<0.05),but showed little difference with that of G2(P>0.05). In addition,no significant difference was observed in weight gain,specific growth rate,food intake,protein efficiency and nitrogen and energy retention among all the groups(P>0.05). No significant difference was observed in whole-body moisture,protein,lipid,ash and energy contents as well as the water-holding capacity,cooking loss,meat content,muscle texture and flesh color(namely the a*,b* and L* value) (P>0.05). The intestinal lipase and amylase activities of G4 were significantly higher than those of G1(P<0.05). The levels of plasma cortisol and complement C3 of G1 were significantly lower than those of G4(P<0.05),but the activity of myeloperoxidase was significantly higher than that of G4(P<0.05). Furthermore,the hepatic activities of catalase,superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase as well as the total antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde contents all showed little difference among all the groups(P>0.05). [Conclusions]Fermented feed can not only improve the feed utilization of juvenile carp,but also promote its digestive capability and non-specific immune function,and will not adversely affect the fillet quality.


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