[1]殷全玉,许希希,孟晓楠,等.不同炭化温度生物质炭对不同质地植烟土壤铵态氮含量的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2018,41(5):881-887.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201803029]
 YIN Quanyu,XU Xixi,MENG Xiaonan,et al.Effects of biomass carbonized with different temperature on ammonium nitrogen content in different tobacco-planting soil texures[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(5):881-887.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201803029]
点击复制

不同炭化温度生物质炭对不同质地植烟土壤铵态氮含量的影响()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2018年5期
页码:
881-887
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of biomass carbonized with different temperature on ammonium nitrogen content in different tobacco-planting soil texures
作者:
殷全玉1 许希希1 孟晓楠2 刘国顺1 张玉兰1 王宏2
1. 河南农业大学烟草学院, 河南 郑州 450002;
2. 洛阳市烟草公司, 河南 洛阳 471000
Author(s):
YIN Quanyu1 XU Xixi1 MENG Xiaonan2 LIU Guoshun1 ZHANG Yulan1 WANG Hong2
1. College of Tobacco, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China;
2. Luoyang Tobacco Company, Luoyang 471000, China
关键词:
生物质炭炭化温度壤土砂土铵态氮淋溶氮素表观损失量烟草
Keywords:
biocharcarbonization temperatureloam soilsandy soilammonium nitrogenleachingapparent loss of total nitrogentobacco
分类号:
S572
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201803029
摘要:
[目的]研究不同温度(360和500℃)处理下的生物质炭与土壤质地(壤土和砂土)对0~30 cm土层铵态氮含量动态变化及土壤-烟株体系氮素表观损失量的影响,旨在探讨利用生物质炭改良植烟土壤技术途径。[方法]用蒸渗仪种植烟草,研究8种处理(RCK1:壤土,不施肥;RCK2:壤土,施化肥;RT1:壤土,施化肥,施360℃生物质炭;RT2:壤土,施化肥,施500℃生物质炭;SCK1:砂土,不施肥;SCK2:砂土,施化肥;ST1:砂土,施化肥,施360℃生物质炭;ST2:砂土,施化肥,施500℃生物质炭)不同土层NH4+-N含量的动态变化,并分析氮素表观损失量。[结果]在砂土中,低温炭处理显著提高了0~30 cm土层NH4+-N含量平均值,比对照高22.32%,其中0~10 cm土层NH4+-N含量增加显著,为36.88 mg·kg-1,比对照增加了31.82%;高温炭处理显著减少了0~30 cm土层NH4+-N含量平均值,比对照低10.79%,其中0~10 cm与10~20 cm土层NH4+-N含量均降低。在壤土中,NH4+-N含量平均值显著低于砂土。2种生物质炭处理下壤土0~30 cm土层NH4+-N含量与对照相比均无显著差异。低温炭与高温炭处理0~10 cm土层NH4+-N含量显著低于对照,分别减少了12.17%和25.34%,而10~20 cm土层NH4+-N含量分别比对照增加了2.48%和13.38%,20~30 cm土层NH4+-N含量分别比对照增加了32.14%和38.84%,且高温炭比低温炭表现更明显。施用生物质炭能减少土壤-烟株体系的氮素表观损失量,低温炭比高温炭效果更好。各处理(RT1、RT2、ST1、ST2)分别比各自常规施肥对照减少了40.27%、34.10%、68.73%和54.05%(P<0.05)。[结论]在砂土中施用低温炭能增加NH4+-N含量,而施用高温炭NH4+-N含量减少。在壤土中2种生物质炭均可以使0~10 cm土层NH4+-N含量减少,而20~30 cm土层NH4+-N含量增加。施用生物质炭能减少土壤-烟株体系的氮素表观损失量,低温炭比高温炭效果更显著。
Abstract:
[Objectives]Research was conducted on the effects of biomass carbon under different temperature(360 and 500℃) treatments and soil texure(loam and sand) on the dynamic changes of ammonium nitrogen content in the 0-30 cm soil layer and the apparent loss of nitrogen in soil-tobacco system,and the purpose was to explore the use of biomass carbon modified tobacco soil technology.[Methods]With lysimeter planting tobacco,the dynamic changes of NH4+-N content from different soil layers in eight treatments(RCK1:loam,no fertilization;RCK2:loam,fertilization application;RT1:loam,fertilization application,360℃ biomass carbon application;RT2:loam,fertilization application,500℃ biomass carbon application;SCK1:sandy,no fertilization;SCK2:sandy,fertilization application;ST1:sandy,fertilization application,360℃ biomass carbon application;ST2:sandy,fertilization application,500℃ biomass carbon application) were studied,and the apparent loss of nitrogen was analyzed.[Results]In the sandy soil,low-temperature biochar treatment significantly increased the average value of NH4+-N content of 0-30 cm soil layer,which was 17.34 mg·kg-1,which was 22.32% higher than the control. The content of NH4+-N in 0-10 cm soil layer significantly increased,which was 36.88 mg·kg-1,which was 31.82% higher than that of the control. In the sandy soil,high temperature biochar treatment significantly reduced the average value of NH4+-N content in the 0-30 cm soil layer,which was 12.65 mg·kg-1,which was 10.79% lower than the control,in which the content of NH4+-N between 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm soil layer was reduced. In the loam,the average value of the NH4+-N content was significantly lower than that of the sand. There was no significant difference in the content of NH4+-N between the two biochar treatments compared with the control. However,from the soil layer distribution,the content of NH4+-N in the soil layer of 0-10 cm of low-temperature biochar and high-temperature biochar treatment was significantly lower than that of the control,reduced by 12.17% and 25.34% respectively,but the content of NH4+-N in the soil layer of 10-20 cm increased by 2.48% and 13.38% than the control respectively,the content of NH4+-N in the soil layer of 20-30 cm increased by 32.14% and 38.84% than the control respectively,and high temperature biochar was more obvious than low temperature biochar. The application of biochar reduced the apparent nitrogen loss of soil-smoke system,and low temperature biochar was better than high temperature biochar. The treatments(RT1,RT2,ST1,ST2) were reduced by 40.27%,34.10%,68.73% and 54.05% respectively,and all were significantly different from the control.[Conclusions]Application of low-temperature biochar in sand can increase NH4+-N content,while application of high-temperature biochar NH4+-N content decreases;in the loam,both biochar reduce NH4+-N content of the soil layer of 0-10 cm and increase NH4+-N content of the soil layer of 20-30 cm. The application of biochar can reduce the apparent loss of nitrogen in soil-tobacco system,and the effect of low-temperature biochar is more significant than that of high-temperature biochar.

参考文献/References:

[1] 刘朝霞,牛文娟,楚合营,等. 秸秆热解工艺优化与生物炭理化特性分析[J]. 农业工程学报,2018,34(5):196-203. Liu C X,Niu W J,Chu H Y,et al. Process optimization for straws pyrolysis and analysis of biochar physiochemical properties[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2018,34(5):196-203(in Chinese with English abstract).
[2] Preston C M,Schmidt M W I. Black(pyrogenic)carbon:a synthesis of current knowledge and uncertainties with special consideration of boreal regions[J]. Biogeosciences,2006,3(4):397-420.
[3] 仇祯,周欣彤,韩卉,等. 互花米草生物炭的理化特性及其对镉的吸附效应[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2018,37(1):172-178. Qiu Z,Zhou X T,Han H,et al. Properties of Spartina alterniflora Loisel. derived-biochar and its effect on cadmium adsorption[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2018,37(1):172-178(in Chinese with English abstract).
[4] 侯苗苗,吕凤莲,张弘弢,等. 有机氮替代比例对冬小麦/夏玉米轮作体系作物产量及N2O排放的影响[J]. 环境科学,2018,39(1):321-330. Hou M M,Lü F L,Zhang H T,et al. Effect of organic manure substitution of synthetic nitrogen on crop yield and N2O emission in the winter wheat-summer maize rotation system[J]. Environmental Science,2018,39(1):321-330(in Chinese with English abstract).
[5] 程效义,刘晓琳,孟军,等. 生物质炭对棕壤NH3挥发、N2O排放及氮肥利用效率的影响[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2016,35(4):801-807. Cheng X Y,Liu X L,Meng J,et al. Effects of biochar on NH3 volatilization,N2O emission and nitrogen fertilizer use efficiency in brown soil[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2016,35(4):801-807(in Chinese with English abstract).
[6] 盖霞普,刘宏斌,翟丽梅,等. 玉米秸秆生物质炭对土壤无机氮素淋失风险的影响研究[J]. 农业环境科学学报,2015,34(2):310-318. Gai X P,Liu H B,Zhai L M,et al. Effects of corn-stalk biochar on inorganic nitrogen leaching from soil[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2015,34(2):310-318(in Chinese with English abstract).
[7] 王明峰,陈晓堃,蒋恩臣,等. 基于扫描图像RGB值分析的生物质炭吸附特性研究[J]. 农业机械学报,2015,6(12):212-217. Wang M F,Chen X K,Jiang E C,et al. Biochar absorption characteristics based on RGB analysis of scanned images[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2015,6(12):212-217(in Chinese with English abstract).
[8] 张聪智,苏亚拉图,赖欣,等. 花生壳生物质炭对铵态氮的吸附性能研究[J]. 中国农学通报,2015,31(33):214-220. Zhang Z C,Soyolt,Lai X,et al. Study on adsorption of ammonium nitrogen by peanut shell biochar[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2015,31(33):214-220(in Chinese with English abstract).
[9] 徐茂,吴昊,王绍华,等. 江苏省不同类型土壤基础供氮能力对水稻产量的影响[J]. 南京农业大学学报,2006,29(4):1-5. DOI:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2006.04.001. Xu M,Wu H,Wang S H,et al. Effects of basic nitrogen supply capacity of different texture soils on rice yield in Jiangsu Province[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2006,29(4):1-5(in Chinese with English abstract).
[10] 钱华,杨军杰,史宏志,等. 豫中不同土壤质地烤烟烟叶中性致香物质含量和感官质量的差异[J]. 中国烟草学报,2012,18(6):17-22. Qian H,Yang J J,Shi H Z,et al. Comparison of neutral aroma components and sensory quality between flue-cured tobacco leaves from different soiI textures in central Henan Province[J]. Acta Tabacaria Sinica,2012,18(6):17-22(in Chinese with English abstract).
[11] 田丹,屈忠义,勾芒芒,等. 生物炭对不同质地土壤水分扩散率的影响及机理分析[J]. 土壤通报,2013,44(6):1374-1378. Tian D,Qu Z Y,Gou M M,et al. Influence and mechanism analysis of biochar on water diffusivity of different soil textures[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science,2013,44(6):1374-1378.
[12] 鲍士旦. 土壤农化分析[M]. 北京:中国农业出版社,2000. Bao S D. Soil Agricultural Chemistry Analysis[M]. Beijing:China Agriculture Press,2000(in Chinese).
[13] 宋歌,孙波,教剑英. 测定土壤铵态氮的紫外分光光度法与其他方法的比较[J]. 土壤学报,2007,44(2):288-293. Song G,Sun B,Jiao J Y. Comparison between ultraviolet spectrophotometry and other methods in determination of soil nitrate-N[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2007,44(2):288-293(in Chinese with English abstract).
[14] 马莉,侯振安,吕宁,等. 生物碳对小麦生长和氮素平衡的影响[J]. 新疆农业科学,2012,49(4):589-594. Ma L,Hou Z A,Lü N,et al. Effects of biochar application oil wheat growth and nitrogen balance[J]. Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences,2012,49(4):589-594(in Chinese with English abstract).
[15] Ding Y,Liu Y X,Wu W X,et al. Evaluation of biochar effects on nitrogen retention and leaching in multi-layered soil columns[J]. Water,Air,and Soil Pollution,2010,213:47-55.
[16] 潘逸凡,杨敏,董达,等. 生物质炭对土壤氮素循环的影响及其机理研究进展[J]. 应用生态学报,2013,24(9):2666-2673. Pan Y F,Yang M,Dong D,et al. Effects of biochar on soil nitrogen cycle and related mechanisms:a review[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2013,24(9):2666-2673(in Chinese with English abstract).
[17] Major J,Steiner C,Downie A,et al. Biochar effects on nutrient leaching[M]//Lehmann J,Joseph S. Biochar for Environmental Management:Science,Technology and Implementation. London:Routledge,2009:271-287.
[18] 刘玉学,吕豪豪,石岩,等. 生物质炭对土壤养分淋溶的影响及潜在机理研究进展[J]. 应用生态学报,2015,26(1):304-310. Liu Y X,Lü H H,Shi Y,et al. Effects of biochar on soil nutrients leaching and potential mechanisms:a review[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2015,26(1):304-310(in Chinese with English abstract).
[19] Ameloot N,Graber E R,Verheijen F G A,et al. Interactions between biochar stability and soil organisms:review and research needs[J]. European Journal of Soil Science,2013,64(4):379-390.
[20] 徐敏,伍钧,张小洪,等. 生物炭施用的固碳减排潜力及农田效应[J]. 生态学报,2018,38(2):393-404. Xu M,Wu J,Zhang X H,et al. Impact of biochar application on carbon sequestration,soil fertility and crop productivity[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,2018,38(2):393-404(in Chinese with English abstract).

相似文献/References:

[1]周加顺,郑金伟,池忠志,等.施用生物质炭对作物产量和氮、磷、钾养分吸收的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2016,39(5):791.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201602022]
 ZHOU Jiashun,ZHENG Jinwei,CHI Zhongzhi,et al.Effects of biochar amendment on crop yield and the uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2016,39(5):791.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201602022]
[2]韩继明,潘根兴,刘志伟,等.减氮条件下秸秆炭化与直接还田对旱地作物产量及综合温室效应的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2016,39(6):986.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201603033]
 HAN Jiming,PAN Genxing,LIU Zhiwei,et al.Contrasting effect of straw return and its biochar on changes in crop yield and integrated global warming effects under different nitrogen levels[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2016,39(5):986.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201603033]
[3]崔亚男,张旭辉,刘晓雨,等.不同猪粪施用方式对小白菜生长、产量及品质的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2017,40(2):281.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201604036]
 CUI Yanan,ZHANG Xuhui,LIU Xiaoyu,et al.Effects of different swine manure treatments on growth, yield and quality of cabbage[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2017,40(5):281.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201604036]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-3-15。
基金项目:中国烟草总公司浓香型特色优质烟叶开发重大专项[110201101001(TS-01)];洛阳市烟草公司项目(LYKJ201404)
作者简介:殷全玉,副教授,硕导,主要从事烟草化学与品质生态方面的研究,E-mail:quanyuy@126.com。
通信作者:殷全玉,副教授,硕导,主要从事烟草化学与品质生态方面的研究,E-mail:quanyuy@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01