[1]郑绍建,胡霭堂,成杰民.冶炼厂区镉污染土壤中镉的形态分配及其影响因素[J].南京农业大学学报,1994,17(3):69-74.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1994.03.011]
 Zheng Shaojian,Hu Aitang,Cheng Jiemin.CADMIUM FRACTIONS AND FACTORS AFFECTING IT IN SOILS NEAR A COPPER SMELTER[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1994,17(3):69-74.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1994.03.011]
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冶炼厂区镉污染土壤中镉的形态分配及其影响因素()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
17卷
期数:
1994年3期
页码:
69-74
栏目:
出版日期:
1994-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
CADMIUM FRACTIONS AND FACTORS AFFECTING IT IN SOILS NEAR A COPPER SMELTER
作者:
郑绍建胡霭堂成杰民
南京农业大学自然资源与环境科学系
Author(s):
Zheng Shaojian Hu Aitang Cheng Jiemin
Dept of Natural Resources, Environment Science, Nanjng Agric Univ, Nanjing 210095
关键词:
土壤 污染 形态 分配
Keywords:
contaminated soils cadmium fraction distribution ratio
分类号:
X591
DOI:
10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1994.03.011
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
对湖北省大冶有色金属公司铜冶炼厂附近34个不同污染程度的酸性和石灰性土壤中Cd的形态分配规律,及其影响因素进行研究。结果表明,污染土壤中Cd中的活性很高,无论是酸性土壤,还是石灰性土壤,均以Exch-Cd含量为最高。不同类型土壤中Cd形态分配规律分别为,酸性土壤:Esch->SBO->WBO->OxMn-;而在石灰性土壤中,则为:Exch->Carb->WBO->OxMn-。但由于碳酸钙对Cd的直接吸持和有机质对Cd吸持的增加,使Exch-分配系数明显低于酸性土壤。土壤各组分对Cd的亲和能力不同,其中以氧化锰组分对Cd的亲和能力最强,其次是碳酸钙和有机质。土壤中Cd的形态分配受一些土壤基本性状的制约,Exch-Cd的分配系数与土壤pH,氧化锰和粘粒含量密切相关;SBO-Cd的分配系数则主要受土壤中氧化物含量和存在形态的影响。
Abstract:
The distribution of cadmium fractions and factors affecting it in 34 soil samples near a copper smelter in Hubei Province were studied. The results showed that cadmium mainly existed in exchangeable form in contamicated acid or calcareous soils.The distribution ratio of each Cd fraction in acid soils existed as follows: Exch->SBO->WBO->OxMn-;while that in Calcareous soils was as follows: Exch->Carb->WBO->SBO->OxMn-, however.the exchangealbe cadmium in calcareous soils is much less than that in acid soils owing to the adsorption of cadmium by calcite and the increased capacity to adsorp cadmium by organic matter. The affinity of manganese oxide to Cd was strongest,and followed by that of calcite and organic matter. The distribution ratio of exchangeable cadmium is closely related to the soil pH, content of oxide and clay minerals,while that of strong bound to organic matter has a close relationship with the content and the forms of oxide in soils.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金
更新日期/Last Update: 1994-08-30