[1]徐仲伟,徐克章*,张治安,等.吉林省不同年代大豆品种植株地上器官生物量的变化[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(3):7-12.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.002]
 XU Zhong-wei,XU Ke-zhang,ZHANG Zhi-an,et al.Changes of biomass above-ground organs of soybean cultivars with year of release in Jilin Province[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(3):7-12.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.002]
点击复制

吉林省不同年代大豆品种植株地上器官生物量的变化()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
34卷
期数:
2011年3期
页码:
7-12
栏目:
出版日期:
2011-05-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Changes of biomass above-ground organs of soybean cultivars with year of release in Jilin Province
作者:
徐仲伟徐克章*张治安李大勇孙苗苗
吉林农业大学农学院,吉林长春130118
Author(s):
XU Zhong-wei XU Ke-zhang ZHANG Zhi-an LI Da-yong SUN Miao-miao
College of Agronomy, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China
关键词:
大豆遗传改良产量生物量叶片
Keywords:
soybean genetic improvement yield biomass leaf
分类号:
S565. 1
DOI:
10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.002
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了解大豆品种遗传改良过程中植株地上部分器官生物量的变化及其与籽粒产量的关系,以吉林省1923—2004 年间育成的20 个大豆品种为材料,研究了籽粒产量,收获指数和植株地上部分器官茎、叶片、叶柄及荚生物量的变化。结果表明:吉林省大豆品种的遗传改良使籽粒产量和结荚期( R4) 植株生物量显著增加,收获指数增加不显著。籽粒产量的提高是生物量增加的结果,生物量与籽粒产量呈显著正相关。根据回归方程计算,在R4 期,茎、叶片、叶柄和荚的生物量分别提高了19. 7%、36. 1%、43. 0%和23. 0%,以叶片和叶柄生物量的增加最为显著。植株上层、中层和下层的生物量分别增加了34. 4%、55. 1%和18. 9%,以植株中层生物量的增加最为显著,上层次之,下层增加最小。中、上层叶片的生物量分别增加了58. 3%和48. 3%,中、上层叶柄的生物量分别增加了63. 6% 和59. 4%,并与籽粒产量呈极显著正相关。中、上层叶片和叶柄的生物量具有作为高产品种选择指标的价值。
Abstract:
In order to understand the changes of organ biomass of above-ground parts of plant and the relations with kernels yield during the genetic improvement, twenty soybean cultivars released from 1923 to 2004 were planted under the same conditions. The changes of kernels yield, harvest index(HI)and organ biomass of above-ground parts including stems, leaves and petioles of soybean were investigated. The results indicated that genetic improvement enhanced kernels yield and biomass at R4 stage(pod stage)significantly, while HI increased slightly. The increase of biomass improved kernels yield and had significantly positive correlation with it. According to the regression equation, the biomass of stems, leaves, petioles and pods increased by 19.7%, 36.1%, 43.0% and 23.0%, respectively, and leaves and petioles showed most increase. The biomass of the upper, central, and lower of canopy at R4 stage increased by 34.4%, 55.1% and 18.9%, respectively, with central layers most significantly, upper layers less and lower layers least significantly. The biomass of leaves in central and upper layers increased by 58.3%, 48.3% respectively, and the biomass of petioles in central and upper layers increased by 63.6%, 59.4% respectively. Both of them had significantly positive correlation with kernels yield. The biomass of leaves and petioles in central and upper layers could be considered as the selection index of high-yield varieties.

参考文献/References:

[1]Karmaker,P,G. Genetic improvement of soybean varieties released in India from 1969 to 1993[J]. Euphytica, 1996
[2]Cober,E,R. Developing high-protein,high-yield soybean populations and lines[J]. Crop Science, 2000
[3]Cui,Z,L,Burton,J,W,Burton,J,W. Genetic base of 651 Chinese soybean cultivars released during 1923 to 1995[J]. Crop Science, 2000
[4]赵团结,李海旺. 超高产大豆育种研究的进展与讨论[J]. 中国农业科学, 2006
[5]Faluyi,M,A. Implications of selecting improved strains of soybeans for dry-matter accumulation and grain yield[J]. Euphytica, 1990
[6]Sun,J,D,Wang,Y,L,,Wang,Y,L. Faceing the global change:opportunities for improvement in photosynthetic radiation use efficiency and crop yield[J]. Plant Science, 2009
[7]顾文祥. 江淮下游地区大豆地方品种几个生理性状遗传变异的初步研究[J]. 南京农业大学学报, 1983
[8]Board,J,E. Dry matter accumulation predictors for optimal yield in soybean[J]. Crop Science, 2005
[9]Rigsby,B. Identification of soybean cultivars that yield well at low plant populations[J]. Crop Science, 2003
[10]庄波,杜双洋. 新、老大豆品种冠层产量和光合作用的比较[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 2010
[11]Frederick,J,R,Hesketh,J,D,,Hesketh,J,D. Seed yield and agronomic traits of old and modern soybean cultivars under irrigation and soil water-deficit[J]. Field Crops Research, 1991
[12]赵洪祥,李大勇. 吉林省不同年代育成大豆品种硝酸还原酶活性变化及其与产量的关系[J]. 南京农业大学学报, 2007
[13]翟俊峰. 吉林省大豆品种遗传改良过程中某些农艺性状的变化[D]. 长春:吉林农业大学, 2008
[14]黄中文,盖钧镒. 大豆不同产量水平生物量积累与分配的动态分析[J]. 作物学报, 2009
[15]董钻. 大豆的器官平衡与产量[J]. 辽宁农业科学, 1981
[16]金剑,王光华. 不同熟期大豆R4-R5期冠层某些生理生态性状与产量的关系[J]. 中国农业科学, 2004
[17]唐启义. 实用统计分析及其DPS数据处理系统[M]. 北京:北京科学技术出版社, 2002
[18]田伟华,邴鑫. 吉林省不同年代育成大豆品种某些农艺性状的变化[J]. 中国油料作物学报, 2007
[19]郑洪兵,赵洪祥. 吉林省大豆品种遗传改良过程中主要农艺性状的变化[J]. 作物学报, 2008
[20]张恒善,赵正清. 关于丰产大豆主要生理指标的探讨[J]. 大豆科学, 1985
[21]Kumudini,S,Chu,G,Chu,G. Genetic improvement in short season soybean:I. dry matter accumulation,partitioning,and leaf area duration[J]. Crop Science, 2001
[22]马占峰,杨琪. 生物产量--大豆高产育种的物质基础[J]. 东北农业大学学报, 1995
[23]郑洪兵,邓川. 吉林省大豆品种遗传改良过程中叶片性状的演变[J]. 中国油料作物学报, 2008
[24]孙贵荒,董丽杰. 高产大豆干物质积累与产量关系的研究[J]. 大豆科学, 2002
[25]王光华,杨恕平. 生殖生长期源库改变对大豆籽粒产量和品质的影响[J]. 大豆科学, 1999
[26]王英典,张志安. 大豆不同叶位叶柄维管组织的比较研究[J]. 大豆科学, 1993

相似文献/References:

[1]汪霞,徐宇,李广军,等.大豆株高QTL定位及Meta 分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(3):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.003]
 WANG Xia,XU Yu,LI Guang-jun,et al.Mapping quantitative trait loci and Meta-analysis for plant height in soybean(Glycine max L.Merr.)[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(3):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.003]
[2]程利国,李广军,刘玉芹,等.大豆对大豆花叶病毒Sa株系抗扩展特性的遗传分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2009,32(4):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2009.04.003]
 CHENG Li-guo,LI Guang-jun,LIU Yu-qin,et al.Genetic analysis of resistance of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) to soybean mosaic virus strain Sa[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2009,32(3):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2009.04.003]
[3]邴鑫,张治安,徐克章,等.不同叶运动能力大豆品种叶枕结构的比较研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2009,32(4):18.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2009.04.004]
 BING Xin,ZHANG Zhi-an,XU Ke-zhang,et al.Comparative studies on structure of pulvinus in different capacity of leaf-movement soybean[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2009,32(3):18.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2009.04.004]
[4]赵洪祥,徐克章,李大勇,等.吉林省不同年代育成大豆品种硝酸还原酶活性变化及其与产量的关系[J].南京农业大学学报,2007,30(2):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.02.003]
 ZHAO Hong-xiang,XU Ke-zhang,LI Dayong,et al.Studies on nitrate reductase activity and the relationship with yield in leaves of the soybean cultivars released in Jilin Province at different ages[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2007,30(3):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.02.003]
[5]赵团结,盖钧镒.大豆柱头外露突变体PSA-1的发现与遗传分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2006,29(4):15.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2006.04.004]
 ZHAO Tuan-jie,GAI Jun-yi.Discovery and genetic analysis of a mutant with protruding stigma from anthers in soybean[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2006,29(3):15.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2006.04.004]
[6]徐德平,江汉湖,肖凯,等.大豆异黄酮的分离鉴定与抗氧化作用的研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2001,24(3):89.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2001.03.022]
 Xu Deping,Jiang Hanhu,Xiao Kai,et al.Isolation,identification of isoflavones in soybean and their antioxidant abilities[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2001,24(3):89.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2001.03.022]
[7]邱家驯,赵团结,盖钧镒.中国大豆育成品种中苏沪地区种质的遗传贡献[J].南京农业大学学报,1997,20(4):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.04.001]
 Qiu Jiaxun,Zhao Tuanjie,Gai Junyi.THE GENETIC CONTRIBUTION OF THE GERMPLASM FROM JIANGSU AND SHANGHAI TO SOYBEAN CULTIVARS RELEASED DURING 1923-1995 IN CHINA[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1997,20(3):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.04.001]
[8]沈文飚,徐朗莱,胡蕴珠,等.大豆花叶病毒(SMV)的侵染对大豆叶片过氧化物酶及其同功酶的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,1997,20(4):88.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.04.018]
 Shen Wenbiao,Xu Langlai,Hu Yunzhu,et al.EFFECTS OF SMVINFECTION ON PEROXIDASE AND ITS ISOZYMES OF SOYBEAN LEAVES[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1997,20(3):88.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.04.018]
[9]盖钧镒,邱家驯,赵团结.大豆品种南农493-1和南农1138-2与其衍生新品种的亲缘关系及其育种价值分析[J].南京农业大学学报,1997,20(1):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.01.001]
 Gai Junyi,Qiu Jiaxun,Zhao Tuanjie.AN ANALYSIS OF GENETIC RELATIONSHIP OF NANNONG493 1 AND NANNONG 1138 2 WITH THEIR DERIVATIVE CULTIVARS AND THEIR POTENTIAL IN FUTURE BREEDING[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1997,20(3):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.01.001]
[10]夏基康,浦奉华,张建.大豆抗豆秆黑潜蝇性能的研究 Ⅳ.豆秆蝇各虫态历期和不同日龄幼虫的特征与蛀害习性[J].南京农业大学学报,1986,9(01):23.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1986.01.004]
 Xia Jikang,Pu Fonghua,Zhang Jian.STUDIES ON THE RESISTANCE OF SOYBEAN TO THE SOYBEAN AGROMYZID FLY, MELANAGROMYZA SOJAE Ⅳ.LIFE STAGES,DAY STADIUM AND FEEDING CHARACTER OF MAGGOT[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1986,9(3):23.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1986.01.004]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-08-01 基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30871547);吉林农业大学科研启动基金(2009028) 作者简介:徐仲伟,硕士研究生。*通讯作者:徐克章,教授,博导,研究方向为植物光合作用与物质生产,E-mail:kzx0708@ yahoo. com. cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-05-25