[1]江学海,李刚华,王绍华,等.不同生育阶段干旱胁迫对杂交稻产量的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2015,38(2):173-181.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.02.001]
 JIANG Xuehai,LI Ganghua,WANG Shaohua,et al.Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on grain yield of indica hybrid rice[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2015,38(2):173-181.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.02.001]
点击复制

不同生育阶段干旱胁迫对杂交稻产量的影响()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
38卷
期数:
2015年2期
页码:
173-181
栏目:
OA栏目
出版日期:
2015-03-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of drought stress at different growth stages on grain yield of indica hybrid rice
作者:
江学海12 李刚华1 王绍华1 罗德强12 周维佳2 刘正辉1 李敏2 丁艳锋1
1. 南京农业大学农学院/农业部南方作物生理生态重点开放实验室, 江苏 南京 210095;
2. 贵州省水稻研究所, 贵州 贵阳 550009
Author(s):
JIANG Xuehai12 LI Ganghua1 WANG Shaohua1 LUO Deqiang12 ZHOU Weijia2 LIU Zhenghui1 LI Min2 DING Yanfeng1
1. College of Agriculture/Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and Ecology in Southern China, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
2. Guizhou Rice Research Institute, Guiyang 550009, China
关键词:
杂交籼稻生育期干旱胁迫产量高原山区
Keywords:
indica hybrid ricegrowth stagesdrought stressgrain yieldplateau mountain area
分类号:
S511;S311
DOI:
10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.02.001
摘要:
[目的]分析不同生育阶段干旱胁迫对杂交稻产量及其构成因素的影响,对指导高原山区水稻应对常发季节性干旱提供理论参考。[方法]选用杂交籼稻品种‘两优585’‘金优785’和‘紫优93’,种植于水泥池中,分别于有效分蘖期、无效分蘖期、幼穗分化前期、幼穗分化后期(花粉细胞形成期)、抽穗开花期、灌浆结实期进行耕作层土壤相对湿度约70%的干旱处理,干旱处理持续20 d后复水,以长期淹水为对照,研究不同生育阶段干旱对水稻产量与重要群体质量指标形成动态的影响。[结果]各生育阶段干旱均较对照减产,减产率为3.6%~31.1%,有效分蘖期、幼穗分化前期干旱处理对产量的影响最大,其次是抽穗开花期、花粉细胞形成期、灌浆结实期干旱处理,无效分蘖期干旱处理对产量影响最小。与对照相比,有效分蘖期干旱处理降低了有效穗数,幼穗分化期干旱处理降低了穗粒数,抽穗开花期干旱处理降低了结实率和千粒质量,灌浆结实期干旱处理降低了千粒质量。在水稻群体形成过程中,有效分蘖期干旱处理致分蘖生长受到抑制,即使成穗率高,但是群体过小,干物质积累的基础小;幼穗分化期干旱处理抑制叶的生长,干物质积累少,幼穗发育不良,抑制了颖花分化;抽穗开花期、灌浆结实期干旱处理引起干物质积累受限是产量降低的重要原因。[结论]不同生育期遭遇长期(20 d)的中度水分胁迫致使杂交籼稻发生不同程度的减产,并且复水后不能得到完全补偿。
Abstract:
[Objectives]Many of the rice-growing areas lack adequate irrigation facilities. This study explored the effect of drought stress at different growth durations on grain yield of indica hybrid rice in the plateau mountain region of southwest China. [Methods]We excepted to provide very useful information to cope with seasonal drought which occurred frequently in the local areas. Three indica hybrid rice cultivars including ‘Liangyou585’ ‘Jinyou785’ and ‘Ziyou93’ were used as materials for tanks-experiment in two years. Ten days after transplanting, water was controlled by relative water content of soil at a 20 cm depth around 70% in six growth periods, i.e., productive tillering stage(PTS), unproductive tillering stage(NPTS), early stage of panicle initiation(EPDS), late stage of panicle initiation(LPDS), ear sprouting stage(ESS), grain filling stage(GFS)and continuous flooding as control check(CK). Each of six stress treatments was flooded after 20 days of drought treatment, respectively. [Results]Compared with CK, grain yields of all six drought stress treatments decreased by 3.6%-31.1%. Among these drought stress treatment, the highest grain yield was achieved by the drought stress at unproductive tillering stage. And the lowest grain yields were achieved by drought stress at productive tillering stage or early stage of panicle initiation, followed by drought stress at heading period, late stage of panicle initiation and grain filling stage. Compared with CK, productive panicles per unit area were reduced by drought stress treatment in productive tillering growth period, the number of spikelet per panicle and seed setting rate was reduced by drought stress in panicle initiation growth period, and 1 000-grain weight was reduced by drought stress in grain filling period. In the rice population forming process, tiller growth was restrained by drought stress in productive tillering period, which caused smaller biomass accumulation despite higher effective spike rate. The top three leaves and productive leaves were restrained by drought stress in panicle initiation period, lower LAI caused smaller dry matter accumulation, and dry matter translocation and distribution was reduced by drought stress in heading and grain filling periods. [Conclusions]Long period(20 d)moderate drought stress at different development stages led to the yield losses of hybrid indica rice in varing degrees, which could not be completely compensated even by rewatering.

参考文献/References:

[1] 楚文海, 鄢贵权, 苏维词, 等. 贵州典型喀斯特流域水资源可持续利用对策研究[J]. 水利学报, 2008, 39(6):753-757 [Chu W H, Yuan G Q, Su W C, et al. Study on water resources sustainable utilization of karst river basins[J]. J Hydr Eng, 2008, 39(6):753-757(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[2] 吴兴洋, 周成霞, 潘徐燕, 等. 理性认识严重干旱灾害事件——以贵州为例[C]//贵州气象学会学术年会论文集. 贵阳, 2010:39-46 [Wu X Y, Zhou C X, Pan X Y, et al. As Guizhou Province for an example, a rational understanding of severe drought events[C]//Guizhou Meteorological Society Annual Meeting. Guiyang, 2010:39-46(in Chinese)]
[3] 池再香, 杜正静, 陈忠明, 等. 2009—2010年贵州秋、冬、春季干旱气象要素与环流特征分析[J]. 高原气象, 2012, 31(1):176-184 [Chi Z X, Du Z J, Chen Z M, et al. Analyses on meteorological elements and general circulation of drought Guizhou Province in autumn-winter-spring from 2009 to 2010[J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2012, 31(1):176-184(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[4] 白开旭, 刘朝顺, 施润和, 等. 2010年中国西南旱情的时空特征分析——基于MODIS数据归一化干旱指数[J]. 地球信息科学学报, 2012, 14(1):32-40 [Bai K X, Liu C S, Shi R H, et al. Analysis of spatio-temporal characteristics of drought in southwest china in 2010 using MODIS:Based normalized difference drought index[J]. J Geo-Information Sci, 2012, 14(1):32-40(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[5] 王成瑷, 王伯伦, 张文香, 等. 土壤水分胁迫对水稻产量和品质的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2006, 32(1):131-137 [Wang C Y, Wang B L, Zhang W X, et al. Effects of water stress of soil on rice yield and quality[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2006, 32(1):131-137(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[6] 陈彩虹, 张志珠, 卢宏琮, 等. 不同生育期干旱对水稻生长和产量的影响[J]. 西南农业学报, 1993, 6(2):38-43 [Chen C H, Zhang Z Z, Lu H Z, et al. Effects of drought on rice growth and yield in different growth stage[J]. Southwest China J Agric Sci, 1993, 6(2):38-43(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[7] 周广生, 徐才国, 靳德明, 等. 分蘖期节水处理对水稻生物学特性的影响[J]. 中国农业科学, 2005, 38(9):1767-1773 [Zhou G S, Xu C G, Jin D M, et al. Effects of water saving treatment at tillering stage on biological characteristics of rice[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2005, 38(9):1767-1773(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[8] 王成瑷, 王伯伦, 张文香, 等. 干旱胁迫时期对水稻产量及产量性状的影响[J]. 中国农学通报, 2008, 24(2):160-166 [Wang C Y, Wang B L, Zhang W X, et al. Effect of drought period on yield and yield components of rice[J]. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2008, 24(2):160-166(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[9] 汪妮娜, 黄敏, 陈德威, 等. 不同生育期水分胁迫对水稻根系生长及产量的影响[J]. 热带作物学报, 2013, 34(9):1650-1656 [Wang N N, Huang M, Chen D W, et al. Effects of water stress on root and yield of rice at different growth stages[J]. Chin J Trop Crops, 2013, 34(9):1650-1656(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[10] 朱庆森, 邱泽森, 姜长鉴, 等. 水稻各生育期不同土壤水势对产量的影响[J]. 中国农业科学, 1994, 27(6):15-22 [Zhu Q S, Qiu Z S, Jiang C J, et al. Effect of low soil water potential on rice yield[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 1994, 27(6):15-22(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[11] Boonjung H, Fukai S. Effects of soil water deficit at different growth stages on rice growth and yield under upland conditions. 2. Phonology, biomass production and yield[J]. Field Crops Res, 1996, 48:47-55
[12] 凌启鸿, 蔡建中, 苏祖芳, 等. 水稻叶龄模式——水稻高产栽培技术新体系[J]. 农业科技通讯, 1983(12):1-3 [Ling Q H, Cai J Z, Su Z F, et al. The leaf age model of development process of rice:new technique systems of rice high yield cultivation[J]. Bull Agric Sci Technol, 1983(12):1-3(in Chinese)]
[13] 汤广民, 蒋尚明. 水稻的干旱指标与干旱预报[J]. 水利水电技术, 2011, 42(8):54-58 [Tang G M, Jiang S M. Drought index and drought prediction for rice[J]. Water Resoures Hydropower Engineering, 2011, 42(8):54-58(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[14] 黄丕生, 王绍华, 丁艳锋. 水稻间歇灌溉水分胁迫指数研究[J]. 中国农业科学, 1994, 27(1):45-50 [Huang P S, Wang S H, Ding Y F. Water stress index(WSI)of rice in intermittent irrigation[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 1994, 27(1):45-50(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[15] 王昌全, 曾莉, 卢俊宇, 等. 土壤水分状况与水稻生长的关系[J]. 西南农业学报, 1997, 10(2):68-71 [Wang C Q, Zeng L, Lu J Y, et al. Relationship between water condition of soil and rice growth[J]. Southwest China J Agric Sci, 1997, 10(2):68-71(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[16] 黎国喜, 唐湘如, 程艳波, 等. 水稻产量和构件对持续干旱胁迫的补偿效应初探[J]. 中山大学学报:自然科学版, 2008, 47(3):94-99 [Li G X, Tang X R, Cheng Y B, et al. Compensatory response of rice yield and its modules to durative water stress[J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, 2008, 47(3):94-99(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[17] 蒋彭炎. 水稻的搁田控蘖技术[J]. 中国稻米, 1996, 2(2):35-38 [Jiang P Y. The technology of controlling tillers of rice by paddy soil drying[J]. China Rice, 1996, 2(2):35-38(in Chinese)]
[18] 杨建昌, 王维, 王志琴, 等. 水稻旱秧大田期需水特性与节水灌溉指标研究[J]. 中国农业科学, 2000, 33(2):34-42 [Yang J C, Wang W, Wang Z Q, et al. The characteristics of water requirement and water-saving irrigation indices of dry-raised rice seedlings in paddy field[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2000, 33(2):34-42(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[19] 郑桂萍, 郭晓红, 陈书强, 等. 水分胁迫对水稻产量和食味品质抗旱系数的影响[J]. 中国水稻科学, 2005, 19(2):142-146 [Zheng G P, Guo X H, Chen S Q, et al. Effects of drought stress on the yield and eating quality in association with drought stress resistance coefficient[J]. Chinese J Rice Sci, 2005, 19(2):142-146(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[20] 朱伯伦. 干旱对水稻生育及产量影响的研究[J]. 贵州农业科学, 1990(5):37-41 [Zhu B L. Study on the effect of drought on the growth and yield of rice[J]. Guizhou Agric Sci, 1990(5):37-41(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[21] 王成瑷, 王伯伦, 张文香, 等. 不同生育时期干旱胁迫对水稻产量与碾米品质的影响[J]. 中国水稻科学, 2007, 21(6):643-649 [Wang C Y, Wang B L, Zhang W X, et al. Effects of drought stress at different growth stages on grain yield and milling quality of rice[J]. Chinese J Rice Sci, 2007, 21(6):643-649(in Chinese with English Abstract)]
[22] 李刚华, 王绍华, 杨从党, 等. 超高产水稻适宜单株成穗数的定量计算[J]. 中国农业科学, 2008, 41(11):3556-3562 [Li G H, Wang S H, Yang C D, et al. Quantitative calculation of optimum panicle number per plant of super high-yield rice[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2008, 41(11):3556-3562(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[23] Xie Z J, Jiang D, Cao W X, et al. Relationships of endogenous plant hormones to accumulation of grain protein and starch in winter wheat under different post-anthesis soil water statuses[J]. Plant Growth Regul, 2003, 41:117-127
[24] 段骅, 唐琪, 剧成欣, 等. 抽穗灌浆早期高温与干旱对不同水稻品种产量和品质的影响[J]. 中国农业科学, 2012, 45(22):4561-4573 [Duan Y, Tang Q, Ju C X, et al. Effect of high temperature and drought on grain yield and quality of different rice varieties during heading and early grain filling periods[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2012, 45(22):4561-4573(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[25] 王贺正, 马均, 李旭毅, 等. 水分胁迫对水稻结实期一些生理性状的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2006, 32(12):1892-1897 [Wang H Z, Ma J, Li X Y, et al. Effects of water stress on some physiological characteristics in rice during grain filling stage[J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2006, 32(12):1892-1897(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[26] 张卫星. 超级稻品种穗生长发育和灌浆结实对水分亏缺的响应及其机理[D]. 北京:中国农业科学院, 2008 [Zhang W X. Study on response of panicle growth and development, grain filling under water deficit and its mechanism in super rice(Oryza sativa L.)vrieties[D]. Beiing:Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 2008(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[27] Farooq M, Kobayashi N, Ito O, et al. Broader leaves result in better performance of indica rice under drought stress[J]. J Plant Physiol, 2010, 167:1066-1075
[28] 薛利红, 覃夏, 李刚华, 等. 基蘖肥氮不同比例对直播早稻群体动态、氮素吸收利用及产量形成的影响[J]. 土壤, 2010, 42(5):815-821 [Xue L H, Qin X, Li G H, et al. Effect of basal and tiller nitrogen rates on population dynamics, nitrogen uptake and utilization, and yield formation of direct-seeding early rice[J]. Soils, 2010, 42(5):815-821(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[29] 杨国虎, 李建生, 罗湘宁, 等. 干旱条件下玉米叶面积变化及地上干物质积累与分配的研究[J]. 西北农林科技大学学报:自然科学版, 2005, 33(5):27-32 [Yang G H, Li J S, Luo X N, et al. Studies on leaf area change and above-ground day material accumulation and distribution of maize in different droughts[J]. J Northwest Sci-Tech Univ Agric For:Nat Sci Ed, 2005, 33(5):27-32(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[30] 凌启鸿. 作物群体质量[M]. 上海:上海科技出版社, 2000:56-58 [Ling Q H. Quality of Crop Population[M]. Shanghai:Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000:56-58(in Chinese)]
[31] Zhang J, Sui X, Li B, et al. An improved water-use efficiency for winter wheat grown under reduced irrigation[J]. Field Crops Res, 1998, 59:91-98
[32] 王志琴, 杨建昌, 朱庆森. 土壤水分对水稻光合速率与物质运转的影响[J]. 中国水稻科学, 1996, 10(4):235-240 [Wang Z Q, Yang J C, Zhu Q S. Effect of soil moisture on photosynthetic rate and matter translocation in rice plants[J]. Chinese J Rice Sci, 1996, 10(4):235-240(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[33] 肖新, 朱伟, 杨露露, 等. 灌溉模式与施氮量对水稻需水规律及产量的影响[J]. 南京农业大学学报, 2012, 35(4):27-31. doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.04.005 [Xiao X, Zhu W, Yang L L, et al. Effects of irrigation model and nitrogen fertilization on rice evapotranspiration and yield[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University, 2012, 35(4):27-31(in Chinese with English abstract)]
[34] 陆建飞, 黄丕生, 丁艳锋, 等. 持续土壤水分胁迫对水稻物质积累和运转的影响[J]. 江苏农业学报, 1998, 14(3):135-140 [Lu J F, Huang P S, Ding Y F, et al. Accumulation and translocation of dry matter in two rice cultivars in relation to sustained soil water stress[J]. Jiangsu J Agric Sci, 1998, 14(3):135-140(in Chinese with English abstract)]

相似文献/References:

[1]徐雍皋,吉野岭一.水稻不同穗生育期及昼夜温度对枝梗瘟扩展的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,1992,15(03):121.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1992.03.024]
 Xu Yonggao,Reiichi Yoshino.AN INFLUENCE ON RICE STEM BLAST SPREAD IN DIFFERENT DAY/NIGHT TEMPERATURES AND SPIKE GROWTH PERIODS[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1992,15(2):121.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1992.03.024]
[2]王胜军,陆作楣.我国常用杂交籼稻亲本杂种优势群的初步研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2007,30(1):14.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.003]
 WANG Sheng-jun,LU Zuo-mei.Study on heterosis groups of key parental lines in indica hybrid rice(Oryza sativa L.)in China[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2007,30(2):14.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.003]
[3]薛来震,徐磊,谭晔,等.不同品种水稻受褐飞虱危害后的光谱特征[J].南京农业大学学报,2015,38(5):796.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.05.014]
 XUE Laizhen,XU Lei,TAN Ye,et al.Spectral characteristics of different rice cultivars damaged by the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2015,38(2):796.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.05.014]
[4]姚成,赵晋陵.基于时序HJ-CCD影像的区域尺度水稻提取方法研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2015,38(6):1023.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.06.023]
 YAO Cheng,ZHAO Jinling.Identifying the spatial-temporal characteristics of paddy rice using time-series HJ-CCD imagery[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2015,38(2):1023.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.06.023]
[5]陶莉敏,周琴,蔡剑,等.施硫时期对小麦颖果和胚乳发育的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2018,41(3):402.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201706025]
 TAO Limin,ZHOU Qin,CAI Jian,et al.Effects of sulfur fertilizer application periods on caryopsis and endosperm development in wheat[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(2):402.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201706025]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-9-13。
基金项目:国家"十二五"科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD20B05,2013BAD20B05,2012BAD04B08);中央高校基本业务费重大专项(KYTZ201402);国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201303102);国家自然科学基金项目(31360314);贵州省科技成果重点推广计划项目(黔科合成字〔2012〕5019)
作者简介:江学海,博士研究生。
通讯作者:丁艳锋,教授,博导,研究方向为作物生理生态,E-mail:dingyf@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01