[1]赵鹏,董彩霞,申长卫,等.3种有机无机肥配施对西瓜氮、钾养分吸收以及产量和品质的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2015,38(2):288-294.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.02.017]
 ZHAO Peng,DONG Caixia,SHEN Changwei,et al.Effects of three organic and inorganic fertilizers combined application on absorption of nitrogen and potassium,yield and quality of watermelon[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2015,38(2):288-294.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.02.017]
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3种有机无机肥配施对西瓜氮、钾养分吸收以及产量和品质的影响()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
38卷
期数:
2015年2期
页码:
288-294
栏目:
出版日期:
2015-03-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of three organic and inorganic fertilizers combined application on absorption of nitrogen and potassium,yield and quality of watermelon
作者:
赵鹏 董彩霞 申长卫 雷锡琼 王硕 任丽轩 沈其荣
南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院/农业部长江中下游植物营养与肥料重点实验室/江苏省有机固体废弃物资源化协同创新中心, 江苏 南京 210095
Author(s):
ZHAO Peng DONG Caixia SHEN Changwei LEI Xiqiong WANG Shuo REN Lixuan SHEN Qirong
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences/Key Laboratory of Plant Nutrition and Fertilization in Low-Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River, Ministry of Agriculture/Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
关键词:
有机肥西瓜品质
Keywords:
organic fertilizerwatermelonqualitypotassiumnitrogen
分类号:
S661.2
DOI:
10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2015.02.017
摘要:
[目的]研究3种有机无机肥配施对西瓜氮、钾吸收以及产量和品质的影响,探讨氮、钾营养与西瓜品质的关系。[方法]以‘西瓜8424’品种为试验材料进行田间试验,有机肥种类为豆粕有机肥、猪粪秸秆有机肥、羊粪,其氮、磷、钾含量用无机肥调节一致。[结果]与豆粕有机肥处理和猪粪秸秆有机肥处理相比,施用羊粪时西瓜产量分别提高了19.1%和9.4%;与猪粪秸秆有机肥处理相比,施用羊粪和豆粕有机肥时西瓜维生素C含量显著增加,分别提高59.4%和35.6%;施用豆粕有机肥时西瓜的糖酸比最高,可溶性糖含量较猪粪秸秆有机肥处理提高了25.2%,可滴定酸含量比羊粪处理降低了30.3%。与羊粪处理和豆粕有机肥处理相比,施用猪粪秸秆有机肥降低了膨大期和成熟期西瓜瓜瓤和瓜皮中的氮含量;施用羊粪时,西瓜幼果期、膨大期和成熟期的氮、钾吸收量较高,各个时期的氮、钾吸收量与西瓜植株生物量呈正相关关系。[结论]施用羊粪能够提高西瓜产量,但同时促进了氮素吸收及其向果实中的分配,提高了西瓜的可滴定酸含量;施用豆粕有机肥能够提高西瓜可溶性糖含量和糖酸比,降低可滴定酸含量。
Abstract:
[Objectives]To investigate the effects of three organic and inorganic fertilizers combined application on absorption of potassium and nitrogen, yield and quality of watermelon, and explore the relationship between nitrogen, potassium nutrition and quality of watermelon.[Methods] ‘8424’ variety of watermelon was used as materials to carry out field experiment. Three organic and inorganic fertilizers combinations were soybean meal compost, pig manure/straw compost and sheep mature. These combined fertilizers had equal N, P, K content, which were regulated by inorganic fertilizer. [Results]Compared with soybean meal compost fertilizer and pig manure/straw compost fertilizer, application of sheep mature increased watermelon yield by 19.1% and 9.4%, respectively. Compared with pig manure/straw compost fertilizer, application of sheep mature and soybean meal compost significantly improved vitamin C contents by 59.4% and 35.6%, respectively. The ratio of sugar to acid in watermelon of soybean meal compost application was the highest. The soluble sugar content in watermelon was 25.2% higher in soybean meal compost application than that in pig manure/straw compost application. The titratable acid content in watermelon was 30.3% lower in soybean meal compost application than that in sheep mature fertilization. Nitrogen content in melon pulp and rinds in pig manure/straw compost fertilization was lower than that in application of sheep mature and soybean meal compost at expanding period and mature period. The absorption of nitrogen and potassium in sheep mature application was higher than that in other combined fertilizations at young fruit period, expanding period and mature period. The biomass of watermelon was positively correlated with absorption of nitrogen and potassium. [Conclusions]Sheep mature application increased watermelon yield, promoted absorption and translocation of nitrogen to fruit, and increased the titratable acid content in watermelon. Soybean meal compost fertilization improved watermelon soluble sugar content and the ratio of sugar to acid, decreased watermelon titratable acid content.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2014-4-3。
基金项目:国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(2012013007);国家自然科学基金项目(30871599)
作者简介:赵鹏,硕士研究生。
通讯作者:任丽轩,副教授,硕导,主要从事植物钾营养及植物根际营养研究,E-mail:lxren@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01