[1]张迎颖,张志勇,陈志超,等.凤眼莲修复系统中磷去除途径及其对底泥磷释放的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2016,39(01):106-113.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201506013]
 ZHANG Yingying,ZHANG Zhiyong,CHEN Zhichao,et al.Phosphorus removal pathways in water hyacinth(Eichhornia crassipes)ecological restoration systems and influence on phosphorus release in sediment by the macrophyte[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2016,39(01):106-113.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201506013]
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凤眼莲修复系统中磷去除途径及其对底泥磷释放的影响()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
39卷
期数:
2016年01期
页码:
106-113
栏目:
出版日期:
2016-01-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Phosphorus removal pathways in water hyacinth(Eichhornia crassipes)ecological restoration systems and influence on phosphorus release in sediment by the macrophyte
作者:
张迎颖1 张志勇1 陈志超12 刘海琴1 闻学政1 秦红杰1 严少华1
1. 江苏省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所, 江苏 南京 210014;
2. 南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院, 江苏 南京 210095
Author(s):
ZHANG Yingying1 ZHANG Zhiyong1 CHEN Zhichao12 LIU Haiqin1 WEN Xuezheng1 QIN Hongjie1 YAN Shaohua1
1. Institute of Agricultural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China;
2. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
关键词:
凤眼莲滇池富营养化水体底泥磷去除磷释放
Keywords:
water hyacinthDianchi lakeeutrophic watersedimentphosphorus removalphosphorus release
分类号:
X703
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201506013
摘要:
[目的]本文旨在探讨凤眼莲生态修复系统中磷素的去除途径及各途径对总磷去除量的贡献率,分析凤眼莲对底泥磷释放的影响,明确系统中磷变量的去向和分配问题,为凤眼莲生态修复技术的应用提供数据支撑。[方法]在滇池气候条件下,利用漂浮植物凤眼莲,结合滇池湖水与底泥,构建凤眼莲生态修复系统,设置2种覆盖度(60%和100%),开展了为期30 d(重复3个周期)的静态模拟试验。[结果]在本试验条件下,水体总磷初始浓度较低,凤眼莲吸收作用对系统总磷去除量的贡献率最高,约占系统总磷去除量的80%左右;根系吸附对总磷去除量的贡献率较低,约为6%~8%;根系脱落物对系统总磷去除量的贡献率极低,低于2%。底泥吸附不再成为系统中的除磷途径;相反,底泥中的磷素向水体释放。凤眼莲能够有效降低水体总磷浓度,也能吸收底泥中的磷素;凤眼莲对无机磷形态中的铁/铝磷(Fe/Al-P)和有机磷(OP)的释放过程具有显著影响(P<0.05)。种养凤眼莲降低了水体溶氧,在系统中形成厌氧条件,有利于底泥中铁/铝磷的释放。试验水体的碱性条件有利于底泥有机磷的矿化,凤眼莲的吸收作用强化了碱性条件对有机磷释放的影响。[结论]在本试验中,凤眼莲的吸收作用是该植物修复系统中的主要除磷途径,也间接促进了系统中底泥磷的释放。在野外工程实践中,凤眼莲的吸收作用对于水体磷素消减的影响主要取决于其种养面积与采收生物量。
Abstract:
[Objectives]The purpose of the study was to discuss the phosphorus removal pathways and their contribution rates to total phosphorus removal amount in water hyacinth ecological restoration systems,to analyse the influence on phosphorus release in sediment by the macrophyte,to determine the fate of phosphorus and the balance of phosphorus total amount in the systems and to provide data to the application of water hyacinth ecological restoration technology. [Methods]A 30-days static simulation experiment with three cycles was carried out and the kinds of treatment were control,plant coverage of 60% and plant coverage of 100%,which constructed plant ecological restoration systems at Dianchi climate condition utilizing the floating plant water hyacinth with Dianchi lake water and sediment. [Results]In this experiment,under the conditions of the initial low total phosphorus(TP)concentration in water,the contribution rate(about 80%)of plant assimilation by water hyacinth to total phosphorus removal amount was highest. The contribution rate(6%-8%)of root adsorption to total phosphorus removal amount was low,and the contribution rate(below 2%)of root exfoliation to total phosphorus removal amount was extremely low. Sediment adsorption was no longer the phosphorus removal pathways in the plant ecological restoration systems,on the contrary,the phosphorus in sediment released to the water. Water hyacinth could effectively reduce the concentrations of total phosphorus;and could assimilate phosphorus in sediment. Water hyacinth had significant influence on the release course of Fe/Al-P forms of inorganic phosphorus and organic phosphorus(P<0.05). Decrease of dissolved oxygen in water and formation of anaerobic conditions in systems caused by water hyacinth cultivation were beneficial to release of Fe/Al-P in sediment. Alkaline conditions in experiment water were beneficial to the mineralization of organic phosphorus in sediment,and water hyacinth assimilation reinforced the influence on the release of organic phosphorus by alkaline conditions. [Conclusions]In this experiment,phosphorus assimilation by water hyacinth was the main phosphorus removal pathways in the plant ecological restoration systems,and indirectly promoted the phosphorus release in the sediment in the systems. In field engineering practice,effect on phosphorus removal in water by water hyacinth assimilation are mainly determined by the two factors of cultivation area and harvesting biomass of the plant.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-6-1。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(41201533);国家"水体污染控制与治理"科技重大专项(2012ZX07102-004-002-003);江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目(CX(13)5047)
作者简介:张迎颖,博士,副研究员,主要从事富营养化湖泊水生植物生态修复方面的研究,E-mail:fly8006@163.com。
通信作者:张迎颖,博士,副研究员,主要从事富营养化湖泊水生植物生态修复方面的研究,E-mail:fly8006@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01