[1]丁绍刚,陆攀,刘璎瑛,等.中国园林空间分析之驻点研究法——以网师园为例[J].南京农业大学学报,2017,40(6):998-1006.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201702006]
 DING Shaogang,LU Pan,LIU Yingying,et al.Stationary point method applied in spatial analysis on Chinese gardens:taking an example of the Master of Nets Garden[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2017,40(6):998-1006.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201702006]
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中国园林空间分析之驻点研究法——以网师园为例()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2017年6期
页码:
998-1006
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Stationary point method applied in spatial analysis on Chinese gardens:taking an example of the Master of Nets Garden
作者:
丁绍刚1 陆攀1 刘璎瑛2 程顺2
1. 南京农业大学园艺学院/农业部景观设计重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210095;
2. 南京农业大学工学院, 江苏 南京 210031
Author(s):
DING Shaogang1 LU Pan1 LIU Yingying2 CHENG Shun2
1. College of Horticulture/Key Laboratory of Landscape Design, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
2. College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, China
关键词:
中国园林网师园驻点驻点研究法空间路径
Keywords:
Chinese gardensMaster of Nets Gardenstationary pointstationary point methodspace path
分类号:
TU986.1
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201702006
摘要:
[目的] 本文旨在以量化的方法探究中国古典园林空间布局的规律性。[方法] 以苏州网师园为研究对象,提出"驻点"概念,运用基于视频分析技术的驻点研究法,计算各驻点游人分布数量,探究空间路径驻点游人分布规律。[结果] 网师园共有驻点72个,分6级,其中高等级驻点(特级、一级)8个,占11.1%,分布于水院空间周边的3个,其他空间的5个;二、三级驻点39个,占54.2%;四、五级驻点共25个,占34.7%。驻点分布最广的是山林空间27个,但高等级驻点仅1个;建筑连廊空间中驻点分布数量达21个,高等级驻点4个;建筑室内与独立连廊空间驻点分布数量共34个,高等级驻点3个;平台空间仅有3个较低等级驻点。路径可达性佳、面积大、具备休憩功能、空间转换处、可赏之景丰富多样5个条件是形成高等级驻点的基础,其中路径可达性佳和可赏之景丰富多样是成为高等级驻点必要的条件。[结论] 本文证实了用科学量化的驻点研究法探寻传统园林空间布局规律之可行性,并得出网师园驻点等级划分结果与驻点游人分布规律。
Abstract:
[Objectives] The aim of the paper is to explore the spatial distribution regularity of Chinese classical garden from the perspective of quantitative space path.[Methods] Taking the Master of Nets Garden as the research object, we put forward the concept of stationary point and use the stationary point method based on the video analysis technology and calculate the distribution quantity and amount of tourists on each stationary point to explore space distribution regularity of stationary point tourists.[Results] There are 72 stationary points in the Master of Nets Garden, which can be divided into 6 grades. Among them 8 are at high grade (the special and first-level), accounting for 11.1%, with 3 locating in water court space and 5 in other spaces. There are 39 second-level and third-level stationary points, accounting for 54.2%. 25 fourth-level and fifth-level stationary points take up 34.7%. Mountainous forest space is the most widely distributed with 27 stationary points, but only 1 at high grade. Building corridor space is distributed by 21 with 4 at high grade. 34 are in building interior and independent corridor spaces with 3 at high grade. There are only 3 at lower grade distributing in platform space. The 5 facts of fine accessibility of roads, diversity in enjoyable landscape, large area, having recreational function and space conversion are the basis for the formation of high grade stationary point and the first two are necessary.[Conclusions] This paper proved the possibility to research the spatial distribution regularity of traditional gardens with scientific and quantitative method, and drew a primary conclusion of the stationary points distribution law and the distribution of tourists.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-02-09。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31370701)
作者简介:丁绍刚,副教授,主要从事风景园林设计和基于数字技术的风景园林量化的研究,E-mail:dsg2009@njau.edu.cn。
通信作者:刘璎瑛,副教授,主要从事机器视觉技术在农业邻域的研究,E-mail:lyy@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01