[1]朱德宁,韩宇,房伟民,等.多花型园林小菊品质评价与品种筛选[J].南京农业大学学报,2018,41(2):266-274.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201705031]
 ZHU Dening,HAN Yu,FANG Weimin,et al.Studies on the quality evaluation and variety selection of multi-flower garden chrysanthemum[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(2):266-274.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201705031]
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多花型园林小菊品质评价与品种筛选()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2018年2期
页码:
266-274
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-03-27

文章信息/Info

Title:
Studies on the quality evaluation and variety selection of multi-flower garden chrysanthemum
作者:
朱德宁 韩宇 房伟民 陈发棣 陈素梅 邓波 管志勇
南京农业大学园艺学院/农业部景观设计重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210095
Author(s):
ZHU Dening HAN Yu FANG Weimin CHEN Fadi CHEN Sumei DENG Bo GUAN Zhiyong
College of Horticulture/Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
关键词:
品质评价多花型园林小菊层次分析法品种筛选
Keywords:
quality evaluationmulti-flower garden chrysanthemumanalytic hierarchy processvariety selection
分类号:
S682.1.1
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201705031
摘要:
[目的]本文旨在建立多花型园林小菊品种的评价体系,开展品种观赏品质、生长特性和适应性的观测与综合评价,为品种筛选和新品种引进提供可靠的依据。[方法]连续2年通过田间观察统计,对69个多花型园林小菊品种主要品质性状数据进行分析,应用专家咨询法、层次分析法和K-Means聚类法建立评价体系。[结果]对69个多花型园林小菊品种综合评价的结果为:优级品种12个,占17.39%;良级品种16个,占31.88%;中级品种19个,占33.33%;差级品种12个,占17.39%。12个优级多花型园林小菊品种分别为‘钟山金阳’‘钟山光辉’‘钟山赤焰’‘钟山早白’‘钟山银桂’‘钟山敷粉’‘钟山紫瑞’‘钟山樱桂’‘钟山紫鹃’‘钟山紫松果’‘钟山紫辰’‘钟山紫日’。冠丛圆整性、花朵繁密度、花朵数量、花色持久度、花期长度、植株紧凑性、缺株数等是多花型园林小菊品种的重要品质评价指标。[结论]层次分析法可有效地应用于多花型园林小菊综合评价和品种筛选。
Abstract:
[Objectives]The ornamental quality,plant growth characteristics and adaptability were investigated to establish a comprehensive evaluation system for the quality of multi-flower garden chrysanthemum,with an intention of providing a reference for the selection and introduction of new varieties. [Methods]Based on the main quality traits observed in a panel of 69 multi-flower garden chrysanthemum varieties for two consecutive years,a comprehensive quality evaluation system was set up by using the three methods of expert consultation,analysis of hierarchy process and K-Means clustering. [Results]Comprehensive evaluation assigned the 69 multi-flower garden chrysanthemum varieties into four grades,12 excellent varieties(17.39%),16 good-grade varieties(31.88%),19 medium-grade varieties(33.33%),and 12 poor-grade varieties(17.39%). The 12 excellent varieties were ‘Zhongshanjinyang’‘Zhongshanguanghui’‘Zhongshanchiyan’‘Zhongshanzaobai’‘Zhongshanyingui’‘Zhongshanfufen’‘Zhongshanzirui’‘Zhongshanyinggui’‘Zhongshanzijuan’‘Zhongshanzisongguo’‘Zhongshanzichen’ and ‘Zhongshanziri’. Crown roundness,numerous density of flower,flower number,color persistency,flowering duration,plant compactedness and number of dead plant were considered to be the major evaluation indicators. [Conclusions]Analytic hierarchy process(AHP) can be effectively used incomprehensive in evaluation and selection of multi-flower garden chrysanthemums.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-05-18。
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(KYCYL201501);农业部种质资源保护(农作物)项目(1120162130135252031);江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目[CX(14)2023];江苏省农业三新工程项目[SXGC(2017)002];江苏省苏北科技发展计划项目(BN2014066)
作者简介:朱德宁,硕士研究生。
通信作者:管志勇,副教授,主要从事菊花遗传育种与分子生物学研究,E-mail:guanzhy@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01