AN Qi,LI Chunbao,ZHAO Fan,et al.The impact of beef-based and chicken-based diets on digestibility and physiological responses of young men[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(4):730-735.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201710001]





The impact of beef-based and chicken-based diets on digestibility and physiological responses of young men
安琪 李春保 赵凡 王冲 张广红 徐幸莲 周光宏
南京农业大学肉品加工与质量控制教育部重点实验室/农业农村部肉品加工重点实验室/江苏省肉类生产加工与质量控制协同创新中心, 江苏 南京 210095
AN Qi LI Chunbao ZHAO Fan WANG Chong ZHANG Guanghong XU Xinglian ZHOU Guanghong
Key Laboratory of Meat Processing and Quality Control, Ministry of Education/Key Laboratory of Meat Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/Jiangsu Synergetic Innovation Center of Meat Processing and Quality Control, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
beefchickenprotein digestionblood pressureblood biochemical indexes
[Objectives]This study aimed to explore the impact of the short-term intake of beef and chicken-based diets on digestion,absorption,body weight and physiological responses of young men of the Han nationality in China.[Methods]During the experiment,45 young men of the Han nationality received the beef-based diet for two weeks,and then the chicken-based diet for another two weeks. Their protein digestion,body weight and blood biochemical indexes were analyzed.[Results]The human faecal,protein and digested products showed difference between the beef-based diet and the chicken-based diet. More polar peptides were found in the human feces samples for the beef-based diet,which were easier to be digested by enzymes. During the period of beef-based diet,the body weight of the volunteers was significantly higher than that in the chicken-based diet. And the change of total cholesterol,low density lipoprotein,glucose,mean corpuscular hemoglobin,mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell distribution width were significantly lower than those who were subjected to chicken-based diet,but the changes of monocytes,basophils,huge immature cell,mean platelet volume,platelet distribution width and plateletcrit were higher. There were no significant changes in blood pressure,triglyceride,high density lipoprotein and lymphocytes between the beef-based diet and the chicken-based diet.[Conclusions]The beef-based diet and the chicken-based diet have different impacts on digestion,absorption,body weight and blood biochemical indexes.


[1] Friedman M. Nutritional value of proteins from different food sources:a review[J]. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry,1996,44(1):6-29.
[2] Pereira P M,Vicente A F. Meat nutritional composition and nutritive role in the human diet[J]. Meat Science,2013,93(3):586-592.
[3] McNeill S,van Elswyk M E. Red meat in global nutrition[J]. Meat Science,2012,92(3):166-173.
[4] Bilek A E,Turhan S. Enhancement of the nutritional status of beef patties by adding flaxseed flour[J]. Meat Science,2009,82(4):472-477.
[5] Lecerf J M. 肉类消费:营养功效与健康影响[J]. 肉类研究,2015,29(2):25-28. Lecerf J M. Meat consumption:nutritional benefits and health effects[J]. Meat Research,2015,29(2):25-28(in Chinese with English abstract).
[6] Gilbert J A,Bendsen N T,Tremblay A,et al. Effect of proteins from different sources on body composition[J]. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases,2011,21(Suppl 2):B16-B31.
[7] 崔姹,王明利. 中国肉类消费发展分析及未来展望[J]. 农业展望,2016(10):74-80. Cui C,Wang M L. China’s meat consumption development and its prospect[J]. Agriculture Outlook,2016(10):74-80(in Chinese with English abstract).
[8] 程广燕,刘珊珊,杨祯妮,等. 中国肉类消费特征及2020年预测分析[J]. 中国农村经济,2015(2):76-82. Cheng G Y,Liu S S,Yang Z N,et al. Characteristics of meat consumption in China and its forecast in 2020[J]. Chinese Rural Economy,2015(2):76-82(in Chinese with English abstract).
[9] Arihara K,Ohata M. Functional meat products[J]. Functional Foods,2011,1(1):512-533.
[10] Baker D H. Animal models in nutrition research[J]. The Journal of Nutrition,2008,138(2):391-396.
[11] Schwarz J,Tome D,Baars A,et al. Dietary protein affects gene expression and prevents lipid accumulation in the liver in mice[J]. PLoS One,2012,7(10):e47303.
[12] Bortolotti M,Dubuis J,Schneiter P,et al. Effects of dietary protein on lipid metabolism in high fructose fed humans[J]. Clinical Nutrition,2012,31(2):238-245.
[13] Vanselow J,Kucia M,Langhammer M,et al. Hepatic expression of the GH/JAK/STAT/IGF pathway,acute-phase response signalling and complement system are affected in mouse offspring by prenatal and early postnatal exposure to maternal high-protein diet[J]. European Journal of Nutrition,2011,50(8):611-623.
[14] Bortolotti M,Kreis R,Debard C,et al. High protein intake reduces intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in humans[J]. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,2009,90(4):1002-1010.
[15] 孙敏杰,木泰华. 蛋白质消化率测定方法的研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2011,32(2):382-385. Sun M J,Mu T H. Development of methods for the determination of protein digestibility[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry,2011,32(2):382-385(in Chinese with English abstract).
[16] 陈佳. 饲喂不同来源肉类对大鼠免疫功能的影响[D]. 南京:南京农业大学,2012. Chen J. Effects of dietary different species meats on immunological function in rats[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Agricultural University,2012(in Chinese with English abstract).
[17] 李根林,曹亚蕊,吴宿慧,等. 火麻仁油对衰老模型小鼠血脂水平及炎症、抗氧化相关指标的影响[J]. 中药药理与临床,2015,31(1):109-111. Li G L,Cao Y R,Wu S H,et al. Influence of semen cannabis oil on liipid levels,inflammatory cytokines and anti-oxidant of aging model mice[J]. Pharmacology and Clinics of Chinese Materia Medica,2015,31(1):109-111(in Chinese with English abstract).
[18] 李平华,黄阳,贺丽春,等. 不同来源油脂及剂量对仔猪生长性能和血清脂质指标以及肝脏胆固醇代谢的影响[J]. 南京农业大学学报,2017,40(4):710-717. DOI:10.7685/jnau.201606038. Li P H,Huang Y,He L C,et al. Effects of dietary fat source and dosage on growth performance,serum lipid index and liver cholesterol metabolism of piglets[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2017,40(4):710-717(in Chinese with English abstract).
[19] Song S,Hooiveld G J E J,Li M,et al. Distinct physiological,plasma amino acid,and liver transcriptome responses to purified dietary beef,chicken,fish,and pork proteins in young rats[J]. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research,2016,60(5):1199-1205.
[20] 蔺茜莎,李影球,朱莹莹,等. 猪肉蛋白和牛肉蛋白对生长期大鼠生理功能的影响[J]. 食品科学,2016,37(5):175-179. Lin X S,Li Y Q,Zhu Y Y,et al. Effect of dietary pork and beef proteins on physiological responses of growing rats[J]. Food Science,2016,37(5):175-179(in Chinese with English abstract).
[21] 蔺茜莎. 不同来源蛋白组成分析及其对大鼠生理指标的影响研究[D]. 南京:南京农业大学,2015. Lin X S. Comparison of protein composition from different sources and its impacts on physiological response of growing rats[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Agricultural University,2015(in Chinese with English abstract).
[22] Gudbrandsen O A,Wergedahl H,Liaset B,et al. Dietary proteins with high isoflavone content or low methionine-glycine and lysine-arginine ratios are hypocholesterolaemic and lower the plasma homocysteine level in male Zucker fa/fa rats[J]. The British Journal of Nutrition,2005,94(3):321-330.
[23] 张英君. 饲喂羊肉、鸭肉和狗肉对大鼠生理影响的比较性研究[D]. 南京:南京农业大学,2010. Zhang Y J. Comparison study of physiological effects of sheep,duck and dog meat-supplemented on rats[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Agricultural University,2010(in Chinese with English abstract).
[24] Sauerwein R W,Mulder J A,Mulder L,et al. Inflammatory mediators in children with protein-energy malnutrition[J]. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,1997,65(5):1534-1539.
[25] Wen S,Zhou G,Song S,et al. Discrimination of in vitro and in vivo digestion products of meat proteins from pork,beef,chicken,and fish[J]. Proteomics,2015,15(21):3688-3698.
[26] 温斯颖. 不同种类动物肌肉蛋白质消化产物比较研究[D]. 南京:南京农业大学,2015. Wen S Y. Discrimination of digestion products of proteins from different kinds of meat[D]. Nanjing:Nanjing Agricultural University,2015(in Chinese with English abstract).
[27] 庞广昌,陈庆森,胡志和. 食品是如何通过细胞因子网络控制人类健康的(Ⅱ)[J]. 食品科学,2006,27(6):258-264. Pang G C,Chen Q S,Hu Z H,et al. Tentative review on interactions of food and cytokine system as well as food and health(Ⅱ)[J]. Food Science,2006,27(6):258-264(in Chinese with English abstract).


 TANG Xiao yan,ZHOU Guang hong,XU Xing lian,et al.Effects of calcium chloride marination on bovine myofibrils[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2004,27(4):95.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2004.03.023]
 HUANG Ming,ZHAO Lian,XU Xing-lian,et al.Effects of calcium ion and exogenous calpains inhibitors on calpains activity and ultrastructure of beef[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2004,27(4):101.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2004.04.023]
 CHEN Wenbang,DING Zuokun,TAO Xiaoping,et al.Determination of adprin content in chichen by HPLC[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2013,36(4):139.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.03.024]


更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01