[1]储小燕,张娅菲,朱雷,等.自噬对DON诱导仔猪海马神经细胞损伤的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2019,42(1):160-167.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201804028]
 CHU Xiaoyan,ZHANG Yafei,ZHU Lei,et al.Effect of autophagy on piglet hippocampal nerve cells damaged by deoxynivalenol[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2019,42(1):160-167.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201804028]
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自噬对DON诱导仔猪海马神经细胞损伤的影响()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2019年1期
页码:
160-167
栏目:
动物科学
出版日期:
2019-01-09

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of autophagy on piglet hippocampal nerve cells damaged by deoxynivalenol
作者:
储小燕 张娅菲 朱雷 李玉 冯士彬 吴金节 王希春
安徽农业大学动物科技学院, 安徽 合肥 230036
Author(s):
CHU Xiaoyan ZHANG Yafei ZHU Lei LI Yu FENG Shibin WU Jinjie WANG Xichun
College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
关键词:
自噬脱氧雪腐镰刀菌烯醇海马神经细胞细胞存活率
Keywords:
autophagydeoxynivalenol (DON)hippocampal nerve cellscell viability
分类号:
S859.8
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201804028
摘要:
[目的]本试验旨在研究自噬对脱氧雪腐镰刀菌烯醇(DON)诱导仔猪海马神经细胞损伤的影响。[方法]以不同质量浓度DON(0,125,250,500,1 000和2 000 ng·mL-1)处理对数生长期仔猪海马神经细胞24 h后,采用倒置显微镜、透射电镜观察DON对仔猪海马神经细胞形态和超微结构的影响;采用pEGFP-LC3质粒瞬时转染细胞,荧光显微镜检测绿色荧光蛋白的分布情况;采用Western blot检测DON对仔猪海马神经细胞自噬标志性蛋白LC3的表达;通过添加自噬激活剂雷帕霉素(RAP)和自噬抑制剂氯喹(CQ)来升高和降低细胞的自噬水平,CCK-8法检测细胞的存活率。[结果]不同质量浓度的DON均可诱导细胞自噬,自噬水平随着DON浓度的增加先上升后下降,在1 000 ng·mL-1时达到峰值。与对照组相比,DON可显著抑制细胞存活率并诱导细胞发生明显的形态学变化,并呈剂量依赖性;随着DON浓度的升高,细胞LC3-Ⅱ含量先上升后下降,1 000 ng·mL-1时,LC3-Ⅱ含量最高,差异显著或极显著(P<0.05或P<0.01)。与DON处理组相比,自噬水平的上升显著提高细胞活性(P<0.05),而自噬水平的下降显著降低细胞活性(P<0.05)。[结论]DON可以引起仔猪海马神经细胞自噬水平的上升,激活的自噬对DON导致的细胞损伤具有一定的保护作用。
Abstract:
[Objectives]The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of autophagy on piglet hippocampal nerve cells(PHNC) damaged by deoxynivalenol(DON). [Methods]Hippocampal nerve cells were exposed to DON at different mass concentrations(0,125,250,500,1 000 and 2 000 ng·mL-1) for 24 h. The variations in cell morphology and cell ultrastructure were observed by inverted microscopy and transmission electron microscopy respectively. Transiently transfected with pEGFP-LC3 plasmid in PHNC and photomicrographs of GFP-LC3 were obtained by fluorescence microscopy. Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3) indicator of autophagy was examined by Western blot. After rapamycin(RAP) and chloroquine(CQ) induced an increased and decreased level of autophagy,the effects of different levels of autophagy on cell viability were examined by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) method. [Results]Different mass concentrations of DON induced cell autophagy. Compared with control group,the cell autophagy appearance in treatment groups significantly increased and then decreased. It also showed changes with the increasing of DON concentrations and reached peak level at 1 000 ng·mL-1. Compared with the control group,DON treatment inhibited cell proliferation as well as induced significant morphological changes with dose dependent manner. During comparison with the control group,when the concentration of DON increased,the levels of LC3-Ⅱ proteins significantly increased and then decreased with the highest level of 1 000 ng·mL-1(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DON treatment group,the increased level of autophagy significantly improved the viability of cells(P<0.05) and the decreased level of autophagy reduced the viability of cells significantly(P<0.05). [Conclusions]DON can increase the level of autophagy in PHNC,and activated autophagy serves as an important protective role against DON-induced cytotoxicity.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-04-14。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31472250);安徽省生猪产业技术体系资助项目(AHCYJSTX-05)
作者简介:储小燕,硕士研究生。
通信作者:王希春,博士,副教授,硕导,研究方向为畜禽中毒病与食品安全,E-mail:wangxichun@ahau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01