[1]唐海明,肖小平,李超,等.不同土壤耕作模式对双季稻区水稻植株养分积累与转运的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2019,42(2):220-228.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201806018]
 TANG Haiming,XIAO Xiaoping,LI Chao,et al.Effects of different soil tillage systems on nutrition accumulation and translocation of rice plant in double cropping paddy field[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2019,42(2):220-228.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201806018]
点击复制

不同土壤耕作模式对双季稻区水稻植株养分积累与转运的影响()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2019年2期
页码:
220-228
栏目:
植物科学
出版日期:
2019-03-19

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of different soil tillage systems on nutrition accumulation and translocation of rice plant in double cropping paddy field
作者:
唐海明 肖小平 李超 汤文光 郭立君 程凯凯 汪柯 潘孝晨 李微艳
湖南省土壤肥料研究所, 湖南 长沙 410125
Author(s):
TANG Haiming XIAO Xiaoping LI Chao TANG Wenguang GUO Lijun CHENG Kaikai WANG Ke PAN Xiaochen LI Weiyan
Hunan Soil and Fertilizer Institute, Changsha 410125, China
关键词:
水稻土壤耕作干物质积累转运
Keywords:
ricesoil tillagedry matteraccumulationtranslocation
分类号:
S511.034
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201806018
摘要:
[目的] 本文旨在明确双季稻区不同土壤耕作模式对水稻植株干物质和养分积累与分配的影响。[方法] 采用紫云英-双季稻种植模式结合不同土壤耕作模式大田定位试验,以双季水稻旋耕+秸秆不还田为对照(RTO),应用常规分析方法开展了双季水稻翻耕+秸秆还田(CT)、双季水稻旋耕+秸秆还田(RT)、双季水稻免耕+秸秆还田(NT)处理对双季水稻植株各器官干物质和氮、磷、钾积累与分配影响的研究。[结果] 早稻和晚稻成熟期,RT和CT处理均有利于增加水稻植株茎、叶、穗和地上部干物质积累量及茎叶干物质转运量;CT、RT和NT处理植株茎叶物质转运率和物质贡献率均高于RTO处理;NT处理抽穗后物质同化贡献率均为最高,均高于CT、RT和RTO处理。早稻和晚稻成熟期,RT处理水稻植株茎的氮素积累量均显著高于CT、NT和RTO处理,CT、RT和NT处理植株穗和地上部的氮素积累量均显著高于RTO处理。CT和RT处理植株茎和叶的磷素积累量均显著高于NT和RTO处理;CT、RT和NT处理植株穗和地上部的磷素积累量均显著高于RTO处理。CT和RT处理植株茎和地上部的钾素积累量均显著高于RTO处理;CT处理植株叶和穗的钾素积累量均显著高于RTO处理。[结论] 秸秆还田措施促进了水稻植株各器官干物质积累和转运;其中以土壤翻耕、旋耕结合秸秆还田措施有利于水稻植株群体养分的积累与转运。
Abstract:
[Objectives] The paper aims to clarify the dry matter accumulation and translocation of nutrient of rice plant under different soil tillage systems in a Chinese milk vetch(Astragalus sinicus L.) and double-cropping rice system.[Methods] The effects of different soil tillage systems on the dry matter accumulation and translocation of nitrogen(N),phosphorous(P) and potassium(K) of early and late rice plants by small area plot experimental method in double-cropping rice paddy field were analyzed in the present paper. The experiments were including four different soil tillage treatments:conventional tillage with residue incorporation(CT),rotary tillage with residue incorporation(RT),no tillage with residue retention(NT),rotary tillage with residue removed as a control(RTO).[Results] The results showed that the total dry matter accumulation of aboveground in different parts of rice plant and the amount of translocation of stem and leaves with RT and CT treatments were higher than those of the other treatments at mature stage of early rice and late rice. And the material translocation rate and material contribution rate of stem and leaves with CT,RT and NT treatments were higher than those of the RTO treatment at mature stage of early rice and late rice. Meanwhile,the contribution rate of material assimilation after heading stage with NT treatment was higher than that of the other treatments of early rice and late rice. The N accumulation amount in stem of rice plant with RT treatment was higher than those of the CT,NT and RTO treatments,and the N accumulation amount in panicle and aboveground of rice plant with CT,RT and NT treatments was higher than those of the RTO treatment at mature stage of early rice and late rice,respectively. And the P accumulation amount in stem and leaves of rice plant with CT and RT treatments was higher than those of the NT and RTO treatments,and the P accumulation amount in panicle and aboveground of rice plant with CT,RT and NT treatments was higher than those of the RTO treatment at mature stage of early rice and late rice,respectively. Meanwhile,the K accumulation amount in stem and aboveground of rice plant with CT and RT treatments was higher than that of the RTO treatment,and the K accumulation amount in leaves and panicle of rice plant with CT treatments was higher than that of the RTO treatment,respectively.[Conclusions] As a result,the total dry matter accumulation of aboveground in different parts of rice plant and the amount of translocation of stem and leaves were higher under application of residue incorporation,it is benefitial to the nutrients accumulation and translocation of rice plants by combined application of crop residues with soil conventional tillage,rotary tillage practices under double-cropping rice system in Southern China paddy field.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张小莉,孟琳,王秋君,等. 不同有机无机复混肥对水稻产量和氮素利用率的影响[J]. 应用生态学报,2009,20(3):624-630. Zhang X L,Meng L,Wang Q J,et al. Effects of organic-inorganic mixed fertilizers on rice yield and nitrogen use efficiency[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2009,20(3):624-630(in Chinese with English abstract).
[2] Huang M,Zou Y B,Jiang P,et al. Effect of tillage on soil and crop properties of wet-seeded flooded rice[J]. Field Crops Research,2012,129(129):28-38.
[3] Roger-Estrade J,Anger C,Bertrand M,et al. Tillage and soil ecology:partners for sustainable agriculture[J]. Soil and Tillage Research,2010,111(1):33-40.
[4] van den Putte A,Govers G,Diels J,et al. Assessing the effect of soil tillage on crop growth:a meta-regression analysis on European crop yields under conservation agriculture[J]. European Journal of Agronomy,2010,33(3):231-241.
[5] Huang S,Sun Y N,Rui W Y,et al. Long-term effect of no-tillage on soil organic carbon fractions in a continuous maize cropping system of Northeast China[J]. Pedosphere,2010,20(3):285-292.
[6] 徐尚起,张明园,孙国峰,等. 应用耕作指数评价耕作措施对双季稻田土壤质量的影响[J]. 中国农业科学,2011,44(19):3999-4006. Xu S Q,Zhang M Y,Sun G F,et al. Assessment of tillage effects on soil quality for double-rice paddy with tilth index[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica,2011,44(19):3999-4006(in Chinese with English abstract).
[7] 吴建富,曾研华,赵新帆,等. 耕作方式对双季机插水稻产量和土壤理化性质的影响[J]. 湖南农业大学学报(自然科学版),2017,43(6):581-585. Wu J F,Zeng Y H,Zhao X F,et al. Effects of tillage methods on yield of double cropping rice with machine-transplanted and soil physical-chemical properties[J]. Journal of Hunan Agricultural University(Natural Science Edition),2017,43(6):581-585(in Chinese with English abstract).
[8] 朱利群,张大伟,卞新民. 连续秸秆还田与耕作方式轮换对稻麦轮作田土壤理化性状变化及水稻产量构成的影响[J]. 土壤通报,2011,42(1):81-85. Zhu L Q,Zhang D W,Bian X M. Effects of continuous returning straws to field and shifting different tillage methods on changes of physical-chemical properties of soil and yield components of rice[J]. Chinese Journal of Soil Science,2011,42(1):81-85(in Chinese with English abstract).
[9] 刘金花,秦江涛,张斌,等. 赣东北双季水稻轻型种植和耕作模式评价[J]. 土壤,2012,44(3):482-491. Liu J H,Qin J T,Zhang B,et al. Effects of different light cultivation on rice growth,yields and economic benefits in northeast area of Jiangxi Province[J]. Soils,2012,44(3):482-491(in Chinese with English abstract).
[10] 张磊,戴志刚,鲁明星,等. 秸秆还田方式对水稻产量及养分吸收的影响[J]. 湖北农业科学,2017,56(1):51-55. Zhang L,Dai Z G,Lu M X,et al. Effects of straw returning on rice yield and nutrient uptake[J]. Hubei Agricultural Sciences,2017,56(1):51-55(in Chinese with English abstract).
[11] 谷子寒,王元元,帅泽宇,等. 土壤耕作方式对水稻产量形成特性的影响初探[J]. 作物研究,2017,31(2):103-109. Gu Z H,Wang Y Y,Shuai Z Y,et al. Preliminary study about the effects of soil tillage ways on the yield formation characteristics of rice[J]. Crop Research,2017,31(2):103-109(in Chinese with English abstract).
[12] 姚秀娟. 翻耕与旋耕作业对水稻生产的影响[J]. 现代化农业,2007(7):27-28. Yao X J. Effects of tillage and rotary tillage on rice production[J]. Modernizing Agriculture,2007(7):27-28(in Chinese).
[13] 李华兴,卢维盛,刘远金,等. 不同耕作方法对水稻生长和土壤生态的影响[J]. 应用生态学报,2001,12(4):553-556. Li H X,Lu W S,Liu Y J,et al. Effect of different tillage methods on rice growth and soil ecology[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2001,12(4):553-556(in Chinese with English abstract).
[14] 陈达刚,周新桥,李丽君,等. 华南主栽高产籼稻根系形态特征及其与产量构成的关系[J]. 作物学报,2013,39(10):1899-1908. Chen D G,Zhou X Q,Li L J,et al. Relationship between root morphological characteristics and yield components of major commercial indica rice in South China[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica,2013,39(10):1899-1908(in Chinese with English abstract).
[15] 黄佑岗,冯跃华,许桂玲,等. 不同耕作方式对杂交籼稻生长特性和产量形成的影响[J]. 中国稻米,2017,23(4):139-143. Huang Y G,Feng Y H,Xu G L,et al. Effects of different tillage methods on growth characteristics and yield formation of indica hybrid rice[J]. China Rice,2017,23(4):139-143(in Chinese with English abstract).
[16] 汤军,黄山,谭雪明,等. 不同耕作方式对机插双季水稻产量的影响[J]. 江西农业大学学报,2014,36(5):996-1001. Tang J,Huang S,Tan X M,et al. Effect of different tillage regimes on rice yield under mechanical transplanting in a double rice cropping system[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis,2014,36(5):996-1001(in Chinese with English abstract).
[17] 徐一兰,刘唐兴,付爱斌,等. 不同土壤耕作模式对双季稻植株生物学特性的影响[J]. 广东农业科学,2018,45(1):1-8. Xu Y L,Liu T X,Fu A B,et al. Effects of different soil tillage practices on biological characteristics and grain yield of rice in double cropping rice field[J]. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences,2018,45(1):1-8(in Chinese with English abstract).
[18] 姜佰文,李贺,王春宏,等. 有机无机肥料配合施用对水稻干物质积累及运转的影响[J]. 东北农业大学学报,2013,44(5):10-13. Jiang B W,Li H,Wang C H,et al. Effect of mixed application of organic-inorganic fertilizers on dry matter accumulation and translocation of rice[J]. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University,2013,44(5):10-13(in Chinese with English abstract).
[19] 陈丽楠,彭显龙,刘元英,等. 养分管理对寒地水稻干物质积累及运转的影响[J]. 东北农业大学学报,2010,41(5):52-55. Chen L N,Peng X L,Liu Y Y,et al. Effect of nutrient management on dry matter accumulation and translocation of rice in cold area[J]. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University,2010,41(5):52-55(in Chinese with English abstract).
[20] Kobata T,Sugawara M,Takatu S. Shading during the early grain filling period does not affect potential grain dry matter increase in rice[J]. Agronomy Journal,2000,92(3):411-417.
[21] 朱冰莹,马娜娜,余德贵. 稻麦两熟系统产量对秸秆还田的响应:基于Meta分析[J]. 南京农业大学学报,2017,40(3):376-385. DOI:10.7685/jnau.201609036. Zhu B Y,Ma N N,Yu D G. Variation in yield response to straw incorporation in rice-wheat rotation system:Meta-analysis[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2017,40(3):376-385(in Chinese with English abstract).
[22] Peng S,Cassman K G,Virmani S S,et al. Yield potential trends of tropical rice since the release of IR8 and the challenge of increasing rice yield potential[J]. Crop Science,1999,39(6):1552-1559.
[23] 唐海明,汤文光,肖小平,等. 冬季覆盖作物对南方稻田水稻生物学特性及产量性状的影响[J]. 中国农业科技导报,2010,12(3):108-113. Tang H M,Tang W G,Xiao X P,et al. Effects of different winter cover plants on biological characteristics and yield traits of rice in southern China[J]. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology,2010,12(3):108-113(in Chinese with English abstract).
[24] 段华平,牛永志,卞新民. 耕作方式和秸秆还田对直播稻田土壤有机碳及水稻产量的影响[J]. 水土保持通报,2012,32(3):23-27. Duan H P,Niu Y Z,Bian X M. Effects of tillage mode and straw return on soil organic carbon and rice yield in direct seeding rice field[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation,2012,32(3):23-27(in Chinese with English abstract).
[25] 张姗,石祖梁,杨四军,等. 施氮和秸秆还田对晚播小麦养分平衡和产量的影响[J]. 应用生态学报,2015,26(9):2714-2720. Zhang S,Shi Z L,Yang S J,et al. Effects of nitrogen application rates and straw returning on nutrient balance and grain yield of late sowing wheat in rice-wheat rotation[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2015,26(9):2714-2720(in Chinese with English abstract).
[26] 徐国伟,吴长付,刘辉,等. 秸秆还田与氮肥管理对水稻养分吸收的影响[J]. 农业工程学报,2007,23(7):192-195. Xu G W,Wu C F,Liu H,et al. Effects of straw residue return and nitrogen management on nutrient absorption of rice[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2007,23(7):192-195(in Chinese with English abstract).
[27] 刘晓伟,王火焰,朱德进,等. 氮肥施用方式对水稻产量以及氮、磷、钾养分吸收利用的影响[J]. 南京农业大学学报,2017,40(2):203-210. DOI:10.7685/jnau.201606037. Liu X W,Wang H Y,Zhu D J,et al. Effect of N fertilization method on rice yield and N,P and K uptake and use efficience[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2017,40(2):203-210(in Chinese with English abstract).
[28] Toriyama K. Estimation of fertilizer nitrogen requirement for average rice yield in Japanese paddy fields[J]. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition,2002,48(3):293-300.
[29] 万水霞,唐杉,蒋光月,等. 紫云英与化肥配施对土壤微生物特征和作物产量的影响[J]. 草业学报,2016,25(6):109-117. Wan S X,Tang S,Jiang G Y,et al. Effects of Chinese milk vetch manure and fertilizer on soil microbial characteristics and yield of rice[J]. Acta Prataculturae Sinica,2016,25(6):109-117(in Chinese with English abstract).
[30] 黄小洋,漆映雪,黄国勤,等. 稻田保护性耕作研究Ⅰ:免耕对水稻产量、生长动态及害虫数量的影响[J]. 江西农业大学学报,2005,27(4):530-534. Huang X Y,Qi Y X,Huang G Q,et al. Studies on paddy field conservation tillageⅠ:effects of paddy field conservation tillage on rice yield,growth dynamics and pest quantity[J]. Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis,2005,27(4):530-534(in Chinese with English abstract).

相似文献/References:

[1]张辰明,徐烨红,赵海娟,等.不同氮形态对水稻苗期氮素吸收和根系生长的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(3):72.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.013]
 ZHANG Chen-ming,XU Ye-hong,ZHAO Hai-juan,et al.Effects of different nitrogen forms on nitrogen uptake and root growth of rice at the seedling stage[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(2):72.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.013]
[2]郝文雅,沈其荣,冉炜,等.西瓜和水稻根系分泌物中糖和氨基酸对西瓜枯萎病病原菌生长的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(3):77.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.014]
 HAO Wen-ya,SHEN Qi-rong,RAN Wei,et al.The effects of sugars and amino acids in watermelon and rice root exudates on the growth of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. niveum[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(2):77.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.03.014]
[3]徐小飒,刘喜,赵志刚,等.培矮64S/93-11重组自交系分子图谱构建及千粒重QTL检测[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(1):8.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.01.002]
 XU Xiao-sa,LIU Xi,ZHAO Zhi-gang,et al.Construction of genetic linkage map based on a RILs population derived from the hybrid rice Peiai 64S/93-11 and detection of QTL for 1000-grain weight[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(2):8.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.01.002]
[4]魏广彬,徐海港,丁艳峰,等.水稻设计栽培系统的研制与实现[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(1):14.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.01.003]
 WEI Guang-bin,XU Hai-gang,DING Yan-feng,et al.Development and realization of the rice design cultivation system[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(2):14.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.01.003]
[5]李刚华,王惠芝,王绍华,等.穗肥对水稻穗分化期碳氮代谢及颖花数的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2010,33(1):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.01.001]
 LI Gang-hua,WANG Hui-zhi,WANG Shao-hua,et al.Effect of nitrogen applied at rice panicle initiation stage on carbon and nitrogen metabolism and spikelets per panicle[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2010,33(2):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.01.001]
[6]王碧茜,范晓荣,徐国华,等.不同氮效率水稻品种旗叶的衰老特征[J].南京农业大学学报,2010,33(2):8.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.02.002]
 WANG Bi-qian,FAN Xiao-rong,XU Guo-hua,et al.Characteristics of flag leaf senescence among three rice cultivars with different nitrogen use efficiency[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2010,33(2):8.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.02.002]
[7]赵成国,徐海港,李刚华,等.超高产单季粳稻抽穗期群体构成研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(2):23.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.02.005]
 ZHAO Cheng-guo,XU Hai-gang,LI Gang-hua,et al.Studies on population composition of super-high-yielding single-cropping japonica rice in heading stage[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(2):23.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.02.005]
[8]陈志德,仲维功,王军,等.水稻苗期Cd2+胁迫的QTL定位研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2010,33(3):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.03.001]
 CHEN Zhi-de,ZHONG Wei-gong,WANG Jun,et al.Mapping of QTL of tolerance to Cd^{2+} stress at seedling stage in rice(Oryza sativa L.)[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2010,33(2):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.03.001]
[9]叶利庭,樊剑波,徐晔红,等.不同氮效率水稻的生长特性[J].南京农业大学学报,2010,33(3):77.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.03.015]
 YE Li-ting,FAN Jian-bo,XU Ye-hong,et al.Characteristics of growth in rice genotypes with different nitrogen use efficiency[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2010,33(2):77.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.03.015]
[10]晋玉宽,杨世湖,余丽,等.不同启动子驱动下Pib基因的表达及与稻瘟病抗性的关系[J].南京农业大学学报,2010,33(4):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.04.001]
 JIN Yu-kuan,YANG Shi-hu,YU Li,et al.Expression and resistance analysis of the Pib gene in transgenic rice under different promoters[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2010,33(2):1.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.04.001]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-6-13。
基金项目:湖南省自然科学基金杰出青年基金项目(2017JJ1018);国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201503123);国家自然科学基金项目(31872851);国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD0301004)
作者简介:唐海明,研究员,博士,硕导,研究方向为耕作生态和现代农作制,E-mail:tanghaiming66@163.com。
通信作者:唐海明,研究员,博士,硕导,研究方向为耕作生态和现代农作制,E-mail:tanghaiming66@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01