[1]孙锦,高洪波,田婧,等.我国设施园艺发展现状与趋势[J].南京农业大学学报,2019,42(4):594-604.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201810027]
 SUN Jin,GAO Hongbo,TIAN Jing,et al.Development status and trends of protected horticulture in China[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2019,42(4):594-604.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201810027]
点击复制

我国设施园艺发展现状与趋势()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2019年4期
页码:
594-604
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2019-07-08

文章信息/Info

Title:
Development status and trends of protected horticulture in China
作者:
孙锦 高洪波 田婧 王军伟 杜长霞 郭世荣
南京农业大学园艺学院, 江苏 南京 210095
Author(s):
SUN Jin GAO Hongbo TIAN Jing WANG Junwei DU Changxia GUO Shirong
College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
关键词:
设施园艺概况发展趋势
Keywords:
protected horticulturegeneral situationtrends of development
分类号:
S62
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201810027
摘要:
21世纪以来,我国设施园艺取得了长足进步,已经成为全世界设施园艺面积最大的国家,占世界总面积的85%以上,在农业和农村经济发展、乡村振兴中发挥着越来越重要的作用。本文从我国园艺设施的类型、种植结构、规模、效益和国民经济中的地位等方面,简述我国设施园艺发展概况,并总结了我国设施园艺在工程装备、地域分布、标准化、节本增效、连作障碍防控、无土栽培、物联网等方面取得的主要成就,概括了我国设施园艺的主要特点,同时从产业布局、装备水平、产品质量、科技支撑、社会服务水平、生产效益、产品保鲜加工等方面分析了我国设施园艺发展进程中存在的问题和不足,最后结合近年来设施园艺领域的技术进步和最新发展动态,探讨了我国设施园艺今后的发展趋势。
Abstract:
Protected horticulture in China had improved significantly and owned the greatest area among all the countries in the world since this century,which was more than 85% of the world’s total area of protected horticulture,and played an increasingly important role in agriculture,rural economy and the rural revitalization strategy. Based on the status of types,structure,scale,benefit and position in the national economy,we made a brief introduction to the development of protected horticulture in China. Moreover,the achievements in the engineering equipment,regional distribution,standardization,cost-saving and efficiency-enhancing,obstacle prevention and control of continuous cropping,soilless cultivation,and the Internet of Things of protected horticulture in China were summarized. On the other hand,the main characteristics of protected horticulture in China were briefly showed,and the problems in the development of protected horticulture in China were analyzed from the aspects of industrial layout,equipment level,product quality,scientific and technological support,social service level,production efficiency,product preservation and processing,etc. Finally,the future development trend of protected horticulture in China was discussed based on the recent technological progress and the latest developments in the field of protected horticulture.

参考文献/References:

[1] 魏晓明,齐飞,丁小明,等. 我国设施园艺取得的主要成就[J]. 农机化研究,2010,32(12):227-231. Wei X M,Qi F,Ding X M,et al. Main achievements in China facility horticulture[J]. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization Research,2010,32(12):227-231(in Chinese with English abstract).
[2] 农业部设施园艺发展对策研究课题组. 我国设施园艺产业发展对策研究[J]. 现代园艺,2011(4):13-16. Ministry of Agriculture Facility Horticulture Development Countermeasures Research Group. Research on the countermeasures for the development of China’s facilities horticulture industry[J]. Modern Horticulture,2011(4):13-16(in Chinese).
[3] 束胜,康云艳,王玉,等. 世界设施园艺发展概况、特点及趋势分析[J]. 中国蔬菜,2018(7):1-13. Shu S,Kang Y Y,Wang Y,et al. General situations,charactics and trends of protected horticulture in foreigns[J]. China Vegetables,2018(7):1-13(in Chinese).
[4] 瞿剑. 中国设施园艺面积世界第一[N]. 科技日报,2017-08-22(001). Qu J. China ranks first in the world in facility horticulture area[N]. Science and Technology Daily,2017-08-22(001)(in Chinese).
[5] 沈军,高丽红,张真和,等. 中国设施园艺产业的经济性分析[J]. 农业现代化研究,2015,36(4):651-656. Shen J,Gao L H,Zhang Z H,et al. Economic analysis of horticulture facility industry in China[J]. Research of Agricultural Modernization,2015,36(4):651-656(in Chinese with English abstract).
[6] 杨其长. 供给侧改革下的设施园艺将如何发展?[J]. 中国农村科技,2016(5):40-43. Yang Q C. How will the development of facility gardening under supply-side reforms develop?[J]. China Rural Science & Technology,2016(5):40-43(in Chinese).
[7] 齐飞,周新群,张跃峰,等. 世界现代化温室装备技术发展及对中国的启示[J]. 农业工程学报,2008,24(10):279-285. Qi F,Zhou X Q,Zhang Y F,et al. Development of world greenhouse equipment and technology and some implications to China[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2008,24(10):279-285(in Chinese with English abstract).
[8] 蒋卫杰,邓杰,余宏军. 设施园艺发展概况、存在问题与产业发展建议[J]. 中国农业科学,2015,48(17):3515-3523. Jiang W J,Deng J,Yu H J. Development situation,problems and suggestions on industrial development of protected horticulture[J]. Scientia Agricultura Sinica,2015,48(17):3515-3523(in Chinese with English abstract).
[9] 张志斌. 我国设施园艺发展现状、存在的问题及发展方向[J]. 蔬菜,2015(6):1-4. Zhang Z B. Status,existing problems and development direction of the development of facilities horticulture in China[J]. Vegetables,2015(6):1-4(in Chinese).
[10] 李玉. 中国食用菌产业发展现状、机遇和挑战[J]. 菌物研究,2018,16(3):125-131. Li Y. The status,opportunities and challenges of edible fungi industry in China:develop with chinese characteristics,realize the dream of powerful mushroom industrial country[J]. Journal of Fungal Research,2018,16(3):125-131(in Chinese with English abstract).
[11] 刘二亮,陈飚. 浅谈我国设施园艺发展现状及前景[J]. 内蒙古农业科技,2011(1):13-15. Liu E L,Chen B. Talking about the status and prospect of the development of facilities horticulture in China[J]. Inner Mongolia Agricultural Science and Technology,2011(1):13-15(in Chinese).
[12] 丁小明,张瑜,么秋月. 中国设施园艺标准化现状[J]. 农业工程技术,2017,37(19):10-14. Ding X M,Zhang Y,Me Q Y. The standardization of Chinese protected horticulture[J]. Agricultural Engineering Technology,2017,37(19):10-14(in Chinese with English abstract).
[13] 郭世荣,孙锦,束胜,等. 我国设施园艺概况及发展趋势[J]. 中国蔬菜,2012(18):1-14. Guo S R,Sun J,Shu S,et al. Analysis of general situation,characteristics,existing problems and development trend of protected horticulture in China[J]. China Vegetables,2012(18):1-14(in Chinese).
[14] 喻景权,周杰. "十二五"我国设施蔬菜生产和科技进展及其展望[J]. 中国蔬菜,2016(9):18-30. Yu J Q,Zhou J. Progress in protected vegetable production and research during China’s"12th five-year plan"[J]. China Vegetables,2016(9):18-30(in Chinese with English abstract).
[15] 阎世江,张京社,柴文臣. 物联网技术在设施农业中的应用[J]. 长江蔬菜,2016(20):41-43. Yan S J,Zhang J S,Chai W C. Application of internet of things technology on facility agriculture[J]. Journal of Changjiang Vegetables,2016(20):41-43(in Chinese with English abstract).
[16] 邓俐,简承渊. 农业部发布116项节本增效农业物联网应用模式[N]. 农民日报,2015-09-12(002). Deng L,Jian C Y. The Ministry of Agriculture issued 116 items of cost-effective agricultural application model[J]. Farmers Daily,2015-09-12(002)(in Chinese).
[17] 梁建平,安丽清. 物联网技术提升设施农业经济效益的策略探讨[J]. 中国农业文摘:农业工程,2016,28(4):36-40. Liang J P,An L Q. Discussion on the strategy of promoting economic benefits for the facility agriculture by internet of things technology[J]. Agricultural Science and Engineering in China,2016,28(4):36-40(in Chinese with English abstract).
[18] 乔晓军. 物联网:绘就设施农业崭新画卷[J]. 中国农村科技,2015(5):38-39. Qiao X J. Internet of things:drawing a new picture of facility agriculture[J]. China Rural Science & Technology,2015(5):38-39(in Chinese).
[19] 农业部市场与经济信息司. 物联网助力设施农业智能监控管理一体化[J]. 农业工程技术,2015(27):28. Department of Market and Economic Information,Ministry of Agriculture. Internet of things assists the integration of facility agriculture intelligent monitoring and management[J]. Agricultural Engineering Technology,2015(27):28(in Chinese).
[20] 龙飞. 温室设施面积突破3000万亩[N]. 农资导报,2017-09-22(C03). Long F. Greenhouse facilities exceeded 30 million[N]. Agrigoods Herald,2017-09-22(C03)(in Chinese).
[21] 杜永臣. 我国蔬菜产业及对机械化的需求[J]. 农业工程技术,2016(31):11-13. Du Y C. China’s vegetable industry and its demand for mechanization[J]. Agricultural Engineering Technology,2016(31):11-13(in Chinese).
[22] 白晓琦,苏庆,单会霖. 我国花卉业现状与发展趋势[J]. 现代农业科技,2015(19):164. Bai X Q,Su Q,Shan H L. Development status and trends of flower industry in China[J]. Journal of Modern Agricultural Science and Technology,2015(19):164(in Chinese).
[23] 邓秀新,项朝阳,李崇光. 我国园艺产业可持续发展战略研究[J]. 中国工程科学,2016,18(1):34-41. Deng X X,Xiang Z Y,Li C G. Study on sustainable development strategy of Chinese horticultural industry[J]. Engineering Sciences,2016,18(1):34-41(in Chinese with English abstract).
[24] 连青龙. 中国花卉产业的发展现状、趋势和战略[J]. 农业工程技术,2018,38(13):28-35. Lian Q Y. Development status,trends and stegety of flower industry in China[J]. Agricultural Engineering Technology,2018,38(13):28-35(in Chinese).
[25] 李中华,孙少磊,丁小明,等. 我国设施园艺机械化水平现状与评价研究[J]. 新疆农业科学,2014,51(6):1143-1148. Li Z H,Sun S L,Ding X M,et al. Research on present situation and evaluation of protected horticulture mechanization level in China[J]. Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences,2014,51(6):1143-1148(in Chinese with English abstract).
[26] 於锋,马立新,孙志远. 江苏省设施蔬菜机械化分析研究[J]. 中国农机化学报,2016,37(10):86-90. Yu F,Ma L X,Sun Z Y. Study on the facility vegetable mechanization in Jiangsu Province[J]. Journal of Chinese Agricultural Mechanization,2016,37(10):86-90(in Chinese with English abstract).
[27] 曾晓萍,陈永生,顾鲁同. 江苏省设施蔬菜生产机械化发展现状与建议[J]. 长江蔬菜,2017(5):10-13. Zeng X P,Chen Y S,Gu L T. Status and suggestions on the development of mechanization of vegetable production in Jiangsu Province[J]. Journal of Changjiang Vegetables,2017(5):10-13(in Chinese).
[28] 黄绍文,唐继伟,张怀志,等. 设施蔬菜生产全程精准施肥解决方案的制订与实施[J]. 中国蔬菜,2017(7):5-8. Huang S W,Tang J W,Zhang H Z,et al. Formulating and implementing precision fertilizer solution for vegetable production in facilities[J]. China Vegetables,2017(7):5-8(in Chinese).
[29] 连青龙,张跃峰,丁小明,等. 我国北方设施蔬菜质量安全现状与问题分析[J]. 中国蔬菜,2016(7):15-21. Lian Q L,Zhang Y F,Ding X M,et al. Quality and safety status of vegetables produced in protected facilities in northern China and analysis of existing problems[J]. China Vegetables,2016(7):15-21(in Chinese).
[30] 郑建秋,郑翔,孙海,等. 设施蔬菜施药中存在问题及技术改进[J]. 中国蔬菜,2017(5):87-89. Zheng J Q,Zheng X,Sun H,et al. Problems in vegetable application in facilities and technical improvements[J]. China Vegetables,2017(5):87-89(in Chinese).
[31] 黄山松,田伟红,李子昂,等. 外资蔬菜种子企业的现状与发展趋势[J]. 中国蔬菜,2014(1):2-6. Huang S S,Tian W H,Li Z A,et al. Foreign vegetable seed enterprise status and development trend[J]. China Vegetables,2014(1):2-6(in Chinese).
[32] 张真和,马兆红. 我国设施蔬菜产业概况与"十三五"发展重点——中国蔬菜协会副会长张真和访谈录[J]. 中国蔬菜,2017(5):1-5. Zhang Z H,Ma Z H. General situation of China’s facilities vegetable industry and development focus of the"13th five-year plan":interview with Zhang Zhenhe,vice president of China vegetable association[J]. China Vegetables,2017(5):1-5(in Chinese).
[33] 程堂仁,王佳,张启翔. 中国设施花卉产业形势分析与创新发展[J]. 农业工程技术,2018,38(13):21-27. Cheng T R,Wang J,Zhang Q X. Status anlysis and development of protected flower industry in China[J]. Agricultural Engineering Technology,2018,38(13):21-27(in Chinese).
[34] 陈永生,胡桧,肖体琼,等. 我国蔬菜生产机械化现状及发展对策[J]. 中国蔬菜,2014(10):1-5. Chen Y S,Hu G,Xiao T Q,et al. The present situation and development countermeasures of vegetable production mechanization in China[J]. China Vegetables,2014(10):1-5(in Chinese).
[35] 李崇光,包玉泽. 我国蔬菜产业发展面临的新问题与对策[J]. 中国蔬菜,2010(15):1-5. Li C G,Bao Y Z. New problems and countermeasures in the development of China’s vegetable industry[J]. China Vegetables,2010(15):1-5(in Chinese).
[36] 王宇,于文静. 中国农产品贮藏加工能力不足,每年产后损失3000亿[N]. 经济参考报,2016-03-29(006). Wang Y,Yu W J. The storage and processing capacity of agricultural products in China is inadequate,resulting in an annual postpartum loss of 300 billion yuan[N]. Economic Information Daily,2016-03-29(006)(in Chinese).
[37] 郭家选,沈元月. 我国设施果树研究进展与展望[J]. 中国园艺文摘,2018(1):194-196. Guo J X,Shen Y Y. Research advances and prospects of greenhouse fruit trees in China[J]. Chinese Horticulture Abstracts,2018(1):194-196(in Chinese with English abstract).
[38] 刘文科. 植物工厂的发展现状与展望[J]. 中国照明电器,2016(12):5-9. Liu W K. Review on current status and development prospects of plant factory[J]. China Light & Lighting,2016(12):5-9(in Chinese with English abstract).

相似文献/References:

[1]郭世荣,孙锦,束胜,等.国外设施园艺发展概况、特点及趋势分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2012,35(5):43.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.05.006]
 GUO Shi-rong,SUN Jin,SHU Sheng,et al.General situations,charactics and trends of protected horticulture in foreigns[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2012,35(4):43.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.05.006]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-10-26。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0201007);国家大宗蔬菜产业技术体系项目(CARS-25-C-03)
作者简介:孙锦,副教授。
通信作者:郭世荣,教授,博导,主要研究方向为设施园艺,E-mail:srguo@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01