[1]于昕,赵玉花,相广庆,等.盐碱处理下砧木SA15和SA17对‘美乐’葡萄生长和果实品质的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2019,42(6):1022-1029.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201901033]
 YU Xin,ZHAO Yuhua,XIANG Guangqing,et al.Effects of SA15 and SA17 rootstocks on growth and berry quality of ‘Merlot’ grape under salt and alkali treatment[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2019,42(6):1022-1029.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201901033]
点击复制

盐碱处理下砧木SA15和SA17对‘美乐’葡萄生长和果实品质的影响()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2019年6期
页码:
1022-1029
栏目:
植物科学
出版日期:
2019-11-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of SA15 and SA17 rootstocks on growth and berry quality of ‘Merlot’ grape under salt and alkali treatment
作者:
于昕1 赵玉花2 相广庆1 杜远鹏1 姚玉新1
1. 山东农业大学园艺科学与工程学院, 山东 泰安 271018;
2. 山东省商河县殷巷镇农业办, 山东 济南 251600
Author(s):
YU Xin1 ZHAO Yuhua2 XIANG Guangqing1 DU Yuanpeng1 YAO Yuxin1
1. College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China;
2. Agricultural Office of Yinxiang Town, Shanghe County, Shandong Province, Jinan 251600, China
关键词:
葡萄砧木盐碱处理生长果实品质
Keywords:
grapevinerootstocksalt and alkali treatmentgrowthberry quality
分类号:
S663.1
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.201901033
摘要:
[目的] 本文旨在评价耐盐碱砧木SA15和SA17对‘美乐’葡萄生长和果实品质的影响。[方法] 以‘美乐’自根树和嫁接树为试材,于葡萄果实转色期开始进行复合盐碱灌溉处理,以正常生长条件为对照,测定其生长参数,Na+、K+、果实可溶性糖、有机酸、多酚及香气物质含量等品质指标,并对果实香气成分进行主成分分析。[结果] 在盐碱处理下,‘美乐’自根树叶面积和节间直径较对照显著下降,砧木SA15和SA17嫁接树生长参数与对照无显著差异;SA15和SA17对叶片Na+含量无显著影响,但显著提高了叶片K+/Na+比值。在正常生长条件下,SA15显著降低了果实可滴定酸含量,SA17提高了果糖含量;在盐碱处理下,SA15提高了果实可溶性固形物、葡萄糖和果糖含量,降低了滴定酸和酒石酸含量,而SA17则降低了可溶性固形物、葡萄糖、果糖和酒石酸含量。砧木SA15显著提高了盐碱处理下果实花色苷、总酚和黄烷醇含量,SA17提高了正常和盐碱处理下总酚含量。葡萄果实香气成分的主成分分析表明,在正常生长条件下,砧木SA17能显著影响‘美乐’葡萄香气;在盐碱处理下,砧木SA15和SA17对葡萄香气有不同的影响。[结论] 砧木SA15和SA17缓解了盐碱处理对生长的抑制,砧木SA15嫁接有助于提高葡萄在盐碱处理下的果实品质。
Abstract:
[Objectives] This paper was aimed to evaluate the effects of the SA15 and SA17 rootstocks on ‘Merlot’ grapevine growth and berry quality.[Methods] The ‘Merlot’ self-rooted and their grafted vines on SA15 and SA17 were used to be subjected to salt and alkali treatments,normal growth conditions as control,and the treatments began from veraison. The growth parameters,contents of K+,Na+,and the quality parameters including soluble sugars,organic acids,polyphenols and aroma volatiles were determined,and the aroma components of fruits were analyzed by principal component analysis.[Results] The leaf area and internodes diameter of ‘Merlot’ self-rooted vines were significantly decreased by salt and alkali treatments;in contrast,all of the detected growth parameters of grafted vines on SA15 and SA17 did not show significant difference under control and stress conditions. The content of Na+ was not significantly affected by salt and alkali treatments but the ratio of K+/Na+ was significantly enhanced. SA15 significantly reduced the titratable acidity of grape berries and SA17 enhanced fructose content under the normal conditions. In contrast,SA15 enhanced the content of soluble solids,glucose and fructose and decreased the titratable acidity and tartaric acid under the treatments of salt and alkali;however,SA17 decreased the content of soluble solids,glucose,fructose and tartaric acid. The total anthocyanins,total phenols and flavanols were significantly increased by SA15 under salt and alkali treatments;in contrast,total phenols alone was increased by SA17 under the normal and stress conditions. The principal component analysis indicated that SA17 largely increased aroma of ‘Merlot’ berries under the normal conditions;SA15 and SA17 imparted different effects on aroma under the treatments of salt and alkali.[Conclusions] Rootstocks SA15 and SA17 alleviated the growth inhibition caused by salt and alkali treatments and especially SA15 positively has contributed to the berry quality of grape.

参考文献/References:

[1] Yang T,Zhang L,Hao H Y,et al. Nuclear-localized AtHSPR links abscisic acid-dependent salt tolerance and antioxidant defense in Arabidopsis[J]. The Plant Journal,2015,84(6):1274-1294.
[2] Wang H,Wu Z H,Han J Y,et al. Comparison of ion balance and nitrogen metabolism in old and young leaves of alkali-stressed rice plants[J]. PLoS One,2012,7(5):e37817.
[3] Li R L,Shi F C,Fukuda K. Interactive effects of salt and alkali stresses on seed germination,germination recovery,and seedling growth of a halophyte Spartina alterniflora(Poaceae)[J]. South African Journal of Botany,2010,76(2):380-387.
[4] 杨劲松. 中国盐渍土研究的发展历程与展望[J]. 土壤学报,2008,45(5):837-845. Yang J S. Development and prospect of the research on salt-affected soils in China[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2008,45(5):837-845(in Chinese with English abstract).
[5] 杜远鹏,翟衡,王忠跃,等. 葡萄根瘤蚜抗性砧木研究进展(Ⅱ)[J]. 中外葡萄与葡萄酒,2007(4):25-29. Du Y P,Zhai H,Wang Z Y,et al. Advances in resistant rootstocks of grape rhizobium aphid(Ⅱ)[J]. Sino-Overseas Grapevine & Wine,2007(4):25-29(in Chinese).
[6] 宋润刚,李昌禹,路文鹏,等. 山葡萄品种硬枝嫁接成苗率与嫁接树生产性能的研究[J]. 中外葡萄与葡萄酒,2002(6):11-14. Song R G,Li C Y,Lu W P,et al. Study on the seedling rates and productive capacity of hard-twig graft trees of Vitis amurensis[J]. Sino-Overseas Grapevine & Wine,2002(6):11-14(in Chinese with English abstract).
[7] 秦红艳. 山葡萄种质资源耐盐性评价研究[D]. 北京:中国农业科学院,2010:33-40. Qin H Y. Research of the salt-tolerance evaluation on Vitis amurensis germplasm resources[D]. Beijing:Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,2010:33-40(in Chinese with English abstract).
[8] Verma S K,Singh S K,Krishna H. The effect of certain rootstocks on the grape cultivar ‘Pusa Urvashi’(Vitis vinifera L.)[J]. International Journal of Fruit Science,2010,10(1):16-28.
[9] Mehanna H T,Fayed T A,Rashedy A A. Response of two grapevine rootstocks to some salt tolerance treatments under saline water conditions[J]. Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental Plants,2010,2(2):93-106.
[10] 晋学娟,翟衡. 不同盐碱胁迫对红地球/贝达嫁接苗生长及光合作用的影响[J]. 中外葡萄与葡萄酒,2012(3):8-11,15. Jin X J,Zhai H. Effect of different salt and alkali stress on the growth and photosynthesis of Red Globe/Beta grafted seedlings[J]. Sino-Overseas Grapevine & Wine,2012(3):8-11,15(in Chinese with English abstract).
[11] Ahmad O A. Salinity soil effects on yeild,fruit quality and mineral composition of superior seedless grapevines grafted on some rootstocks[J]. Journal of Applied Sciences,2016,16(8):359-371.
[12] Walker R R,Blackmore D H,Clingeleffer P R,et al. Rootstock effects on salt tolerance of irrigated field-grown grapevines(Vitis vinifera L. cv. Sultana). 3. Fresh fruit composition and dried grape quality[J]. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research,2007,13(3):130-141.
[13] Ramakrishna A,Ravishankar G A. Influence of abiotic stress signals on secondary metabolites in plants[J]. Plant Signaling & Behavior,2011,6:1720-1731.
[14] Pedrero F,Alarcón J J,Nicolás E,et al. Influence of irrigation with saline reclaimed water on young grapefruits[J]. Desalination and Water Treatment,2013,51(10/11/12):2488-2496.
[15] Galli V,Messias R D S,Perin E C,et al. Mild salt stress improves strawberry fruit quality[J]. LWT:Food Science and Technology,2016,73:693-699.
[16] 郭淑华,翟衡,韩宁,等. 葡萄种间杂交砧木育种F1代植株耐碱性盐能力分析[J]. 植物学报,2018,53(1):51-58. Guo S H,Zhai H,Han N,et al. Evaluation on alkaline salt tolerance of grape F1-generation hybrids[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany,2018,53(1):51-58(in Chinese with English abstract).
[17] 付晴晴,孙鲁龙,翟衡,等. 葡萄种间杂交砧木育种F1代植株耐盐性分析[J]. 植物学报,2017,52(6):733-743. Fu Q Q,Sun L L,Zhai H,et al. Salt tolerant evaluation of F1-generation hybrids in grape[J]. Chinese Bulletin of Botany,2017,52(6):733-743(in Chinese with English abstract).
[18] 付晴晴,谭雅中,翟衡,等. 3个葡萄株系在盐胁迫下的离子运输与分配[J]. 果树学报,2018,35(1):56-65. Fu Q Q,Tan Y Z,Zhai H,et al. Ion transport and distribution in three grape strains under salt stress[J]. Journal of Fruit Science,2018,35(1):56-65(in Chinese with English abstract).
[19] 赵世杰,史国安,董新纯. 植物生理学试验指导[M]. 北京:中国农业科学技术出版,2002 Zhao S J,Shi G A,Dong X C. Technology of Plant Physiological Experiment[M]. Beijing:China Agricultural Science and Technology Press,2002(in Chinese).
[20] Byamukama R,Kiremire B,Andersen M,et al. Anthocyanins from fruits of Rubus pinnatus and Rubus rigidus[J]. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis,2005,18(6):599-605.
[21] 刘芸,仇农学,杨玺玉. 葡萄皮渣提取物总酚含量及体外抗氧化活性、抑菌活性[J]. 食品科学,2011,32(1):5-9. Liu Y,Qiu N X,Yang X Y. Assessment of total phenolic content and in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethanol extract from grape residue left after making wine[J]. Food Science,2011,32(1):5-9(in Chinese with English abstract).
[22] Waterhouse A. Wine phenolics[J]. Annals of the New York Academy of Science,2010,957(1):21-36.
[23] Xu B J,Chang K S. Comparative study on antiproliferation properties and cellular antioxidant activities of commonly consumed food legumes against nine human cancer cell lines[J]. Food Chemistry,2012,134(3):1287-1296.
[24] 孙红,岳倩宇,相广庆,等. 不同浓度的NaCl处理对葡萄果实品质形成的影响[J]. 植物生理学报,2018,54(1):63-70. Sun H,Yue Q Y,Xiang G Q,et al. Impacts of different concentrations of NaCl on formation of grape berry quality[J]. Plant Physiology Journal,2018,54(1):63-70(in Chinese with English abstract).
[25] 梅军霞,郑婷,程建徽,等. 7种砧木对红玛斯卡特葡萄生长与果实品质的影响[J]. 安徽农业科学,2013,41(23):9548-9550,9559. Mei J X,Zheng T,Cheng J H,et al. Effects of seven kinds of rootstocks on the growth and fruit quality of ‘Red Muscat’ grape[J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences,2013,41(23):9548-9550,9559(in Chinese with English abstract).
[26] López-Aguilar R,Orduno A,Lucero-Arce A,et al. Response to salinity of three grain legumes for potential cultivation in arid areas[J]. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition,2003,49(3):329-336.
[27] Kubota N,Li X G,Yasui K. Effects of rootstocks on sugar,organic acid,amino acid,and anthocyanin contents in berries of potted ‘Fujiminori’ grapes[J]. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science,1993,62(2):363-370.
[28] 淳长品,彭良志,雷霆,等. 不同柑橘砧木对锦橙果实品质的影响[J]. 园艺学报,2010,37(6):991-996. Chun C P,Peng L Z,Lei T,et al. Effects of rootstocks on fruit quality of Jincheng sweet orange[J]. Acta Horticulturae Sinica,2010,37(6):991-996(in Chinese with English abstract).
[29] Jin Z X,Sun T Y,Sun H,et al. Modifications of ‘Summer Black’ grape berry quality as affected by the different rootstocks[J]. Scientia Horticulturae,2016,210(21):130-137.
[30] 李小龙. 酿酒葡萄果实生长发育过程中酚类物质变化规律的研究[D]. 杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2015. Li X L. Changes of phenolic components during the development of wine grape berries[D]. Yangling:Northwest A & F University,2015(in Chinese with English abstract).
[31] Montealegre R R,Peces R R,Vozmediano J L,et al. Phenolic compounds in skins and seeds of ten grape Vitis vinifera varieties grown in a warm climate[J]. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis,2006,19(6/7):687-693.
[32] Nú?ez V,Monagas M,Gomez-Cordovés M C,et al. Vitis vinifera L. cv. Graciano grapes characterized by its anthocyanin profile[J]. Postharvest Biology and Technology,2004,31(1):69-79.
[33] Selli S,Cabaroglu T,Canbas A,et al. Effect of contact on the aroma composition of the musts of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Muscat of Bornova and Narince grown in Turkey[J]. Food Chemistry,2003,81(3):341-347.
[34] El Hadi M A M,Zhang F J,Wu F F,et al. Advances in fruit aroma volatile research[J]. Molecules,2013,18(7):8200-8229.
[35] Duan L L,Pan Q H,Tang X J,et al. Characteristic aroma compounds in two new Vitis vinifera cultivars(table grapes)and impact of vintage and greenhouse cultivation[J]. South African Journal for Enology & Viticulture,2014,35(2):264-277

相似文献/References:

[1]宗成文,章镇,房经贵,等.葡萄LEAFY基因启动子的克隆与序列分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2007,30(4):20.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.04.005]
 ZONG Cheng-wen,ZHANG Zhen,FANG Jing-gui,et al.Cloning and sequence analysis of LEAFY gene promoter from grape(Vitis vinifera×V.labrusca)[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2007,30(6):20.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.04.005]
[2]黄非,盛炳成.宿晓红葡萄与葡萄属有关种亲缘关系初探[J].南京农业大学学报,1993,16(4):49.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1993.04.009]
 Huang Fei Sheng Bingcheng.STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SUXIAOHONG GRAPE AND SOME SPECIES OF VITIS[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1993,16(6):49.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1993.04.009]
[3]周培根,戚晓玉,P.A.Braell,等.葡萄中β-damascenone前体的初步纯化[J].南京农业大学学报,1989,12(3):79.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1989.03.017]
[4]韩浩章,姜卫兵,费宪进,等.葡萄和油桃自然休眠解除过程中H2O2含量和抗氧化酶活性的变化[J].南京农业大学学报,2007,30(1):50.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.010]
 HAN Hao-zhang,JIANG Wei-bing,FEI Xianjin,et al.Changes in H_2O_2 content and activities of antioxidant enzymes of grape and nectarine during natural dormancy-release[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2007,30(6):50.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2007.01.010]
[5]郭磊,上官凌飞,房经贵*,等.葡萄EST鄄SSR 标记的开发及其应用[J].南京农业大学学报,2011,34(4):23.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.04.005]
 GUO Lei,SHANGGUAN Ling-fei,FANG Jing-gui *,et al.Development of SSR markers from grape ESTs and its application[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2011,34(6):23.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2011.04.005]
[6]孙兴民,余智莹,张萌,等.葡萄未成熟胚诱导体细胞胚发生和植株再生与遗传鉴定[J].南京农业大学学报,2012,35(3):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.03.003]
 SUN Xing-min,YU Zhi-ying,ZHANG Meng,et al.Somatic embryogenesis from immature zygotic embryos and genetic fidelity identificating of regenerated plants of grapevine[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2012,35(6):13.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.03.003]
[7]王晨,张演义,房经贵,等.葡萄microRNA156b和microRNA172c及其靶基因在冬芽二次成花过程中的表达特性研究[J].南京农业大学学报,2012,35(4):59.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.04.011]
 WANG Chen,ZHANG Yan-yi,FANG Jing-gui,et al.Spatiotemporal expression of microRNA156b and microRNA172c and their target genes during flower development of winter buds growing on cut-back treated shoots of grapevine[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2012,35(6):59.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2012.04.011]
[8]王西成,王晨,房经贵,等.葡萄VvGA2ox1基因克隆、亚细胞定位及时空表达分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2013,36(1):29.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.01.006]
 WANG Xicheng,WANG Chen,FANG Jinggui,et al.Cloning,subcellular localization and spatiotemporal expression of VvGA2ox1 gene from grapevine[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2013,36(6):29.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.01.006]
[9]谢荔,成学慧,冯新新,等.氨基酸肥料对‘夏黑’葡萄叶片光合特性与果实品质的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2013,36(2):31.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.02.006]
 XIE Li,CHENG Xuehui,FENG Xinxin,et al.Effects of an amino acid fertilizer on the leaf photosynthesis and fruit quality of ‘Summer Black’grape[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2013,36(6):31.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.02.006]
[10]任国慧,上官凌飞,房经贵,等.葡萄DELLA家族成员VvRGA和VvRGL1的预测、验证及生物信息学分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2013,36(3):15.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.03.003]
 REN Guohui,SHANGGUAN Lingfei,FANG Jinggui,et al.The prediction,validation and bioinformatics analysis of the grape DELLA family members about VvRGA and VvRGL1[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2013,36(6):15.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.03.003]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-01-18。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31872068);山东省重点研发计划项目(2019GNC106149)
作者简介:于昕,硕士研究生。
通信作者:姚玉新,教授,主要从事葡萄抗寒育种及抗寒机制研究,E-mail:yaoyx@sdau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01