[1]方馨妍,周杨,汪燕,等.不同氮、磷、钾用量对菊花生长及养分吸收和分配的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2020,43(6):1015-1023.[doi:10.7685/jnau.202001004]
 FANG Xinyan,ZHOU Yang,WANG Yan,et al.Effects of different nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium application amounts on the growth,nutrient absorption and distribution of chrysanthemum[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2020,43(6):1015-1023.[doi:10.7685/jnau.202001004]
点击复制

不同氮、磷、钾用量对菊花生长及养分吸收和分配的影响()
分享到:

《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
43卷
期数:
2020年6期
页码:
1015-1023
栏目:
植物科学
出版日期:
2020-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of different nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium application amounts on the growth,nutrient absorption and distribution of chrysanthemum
作者:
方馨妍 周杨 汪燕 管志勇 陈素梅 房伟民 陈发棣 赵爽
南京农业大学园艺学院/农业农村部景观农业重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210095
Author(s):
FANG Xinyan ZHOU Yang WANG Yan GUAN Zhiyong CHEN Sumei FANG Weimin CHEN Fadi ZHAO Shuang
College of Horticulture/Key Laboratory of Landscaping, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
关键词:
切花菊滴灌生长指标养分吸收
Keywords:
cut chrysanthemumdrip irrigationnitrogenphosphoruspotassiumgrowth indexnutrient distribution
分类号:
S682.1+1
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.202001004
摘要:
[目的] 本研究针对目前菊花生产中肥料过量施用问题,系统研究了氮、磷、钾不同用量对菊花生长、养分吸收分配以及基质速效养分含量变化的影响,筛选最适氮、磷、钾用量,以期为菊花优质高产及高效栽培提供科学依据。[方法] 以菊花品种‘秦淮玉莲’为试验材料,设置单株氮用量为:200(N1)、400(N2)、600(N3)、800(N4)和1 000 mg(N5),单株磷用量为80(P1)和120 mg(P2)以及单株钾用量为300(K1)和500 mg(K2),并从前期预备正交试验中筛选出5个处理,及对照与水溶肥处理,共7个处理,测定‘秦淮玉莲’各生育期生长指标、种植基质化学性质及各器官氮、磷、钾养分含量变化及吸收、分配规律。[结果] 与对照相比,施用氮、磷、钾可显著提高‘秦淮玉莲’各生育期株高、茎粗、根鲜质量、茎鲜质量、叶鲜质量、根干质量等生长指标及鲜花品质指标,其中N2P1K2和N3P2K1处理的菊花各时期生长指标均明显高于其他处理。与速效磷和速效钾含量相比,切花菊栽培基质中铵态氮含量对氮肥的响应更显著,即氮肥的施入显著提高铵态氮含量;除水溶肥处理外,栽培基质中速效磷、速效钾含量平稳。随着氮、磷、钾的施入pH值逐渐升高,而电导率EC则相反。随着切花菊‘秦淮玉莲’的生长发育,根、茎、叶中的全氮含量呈先上升后降低的趋势,由大到小依次为叶、根、茎;全磷含量呈先上升后降低的趋势,其中根、茎、叶、花全磷含量无显著差异;全钾含量无明显变化规律,由大到小依次为叶、茎、根;在整个生育期,‘秦淮玉莲’植株中全钾含量最高,全氮次之,全磷最少,其中N2P1K2和N3P2K1处理后花中的全氮、全钾含量最高。[结论] 综合考虑切花菊生长品质及氮、磷、钾养分的有效利用性,N2P1K2和N3P2K1处理为滴灌条件下菊花‘秦淮玉莲’氮、磷、钾最适用量水平。
Abstract:
[Objectives] The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium application amounts on the growth,nutrient absorption and distribution of chrysanthemum,and select the optimal treatment for providing scientific basis in terms of high-quality,high yield and efficient cultivation of chrysanthemum.[Methods] The chrysanthemum ’Qinhuaiyulian’ was used as experiment material,different nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium application amounts were settled as:nitrogen application amount per plant was 200(N1),400(N2),600(N3),800(N4) and 1 000 mg(N5),phosphorus per plant was designed as 80(P1) and 120 mg(P2),and potassium per plant was settled as 300(K1) and 500 mg(K2). There were 7 treatments in total,5 of them selected by the previous orthogonal experiment plus control and water-soluble fertilizer treatments. The growth index,the chemical properties of the planting substrate,and the total nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium content of different organs of ’Qinhuaiyulian’ were determined.[Results] Compared with the CK,nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium application could significantly improve the plant height,stem diameter,fresh weight,flower quality and other agronomy indicators of ’Qinhuaiyulian’. The growth indexes of chrysanthemum treated with N2P1K2 and N3P2K1 were significantly higher than other treatments. The response of the content of ammonium nitrogen in the chrysanthemum planting substrate to nitrogen fertilizer was more significant compared with the content of available phosphorus and available potassium. With the increasing of nitrogen application amount,the content of ammonium nitrogen increased significantly. Except for the water-soluble fertilizer treatment,there were no significant differences between the available phosphorus and available potassium in the cultivation substrate. The pH value showed positive while electrical conductivity showed negative correlation with the nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium application. With the growing of plant,the content of total nitrogen in roots,stems and leaves increased in the beginning and then decreased,with the distribution amount order showed as:leaf,root,stem. Total phosphorus increased in the beginning and then decreased,and there were no significant differences between total phosphorus in root,stem,leaf and flower. There was no obvious change rule of total potassium.The distribution amount order was showed as:leaf,stem,root. In the whole growth period,the total potassium of plant was the highest,the total nitrogen was the second,and the total phosphorus was the least. The total nitrogen and total potassium of flower were highest when exposed to N2P1K2 and N3P2K1.[Conclusions] Considering of the quality improvement of cut chrysanthemum and the effective utilization of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium,N2P1K2 and N3P2K1 treatments were the best recommended nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium combinations for high yield chrysanthemum cultivation.

参考文献/References:

[1] 王威姣,李菲,张皖皖,等. 菊花CmTPS1like基因的克隆及表达特性[J]. 南京农业大学学报,2020,43(1):58-64. DOI:10.7685/jnau.201902014. Wang W J,Li F,Zhang W W,et al. Cloning and expression characteristics of CmTPS1like gene in Chrysanthemum morifolium[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2020,43(1):58-64(in Chinese with English abstract).
[2] 敖展雄,武晓春,宫莉霞,等. 保鲜剂对菊花切花衰老过程生理变化的影响[J]. 中国农学通报,2019,35(22):53-59. Ao Z X,Wu X C,Gong L X,et al. Effect on physiological changes of Chrysanthemum cut flowers during senescence with antistaling agent[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin,2019,35(22):53-59(in Chinese with English abstract).
[3] Davies F,Chuanjiu H C,Amanda C A,et al. Fertilizer application affects susceptibility of chrysanthemum to western flower thrips-abundance and influence on plant growth,photosynthesis and stomatal conductance[J]. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology,2005,80(4):403-412.
[4] Yilmaz H,Demircan V,Gul M. Examining of chemical fertilizer use levels in terms of agriculture environment relations and economic losses in the agricultural farms:the case of Isparta,Turkey[J]. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science,2010,16(2):143-157.
[5] Linus M M M,Irungu J W. Effect of integrated use of inorganic fertilizer and organic manures on bacterial wilt incidence(BWI)and tuber yield in potato production systems on hill slopes of central Kenya[J]. Journal of Mountain Science,2004,1(1):81-88.
[6] 王士杰,尹光华,李忠,等. 浅埋滴灌水肥耦合对辽西半干旱区春玉米产量的影响[J]. 应用生态学报,2020,31(1):139-147. Wang S J,Yin G H,Li Z,et al. Effects of water-fertilizer coupling on the yield of spring maize under shallow-buried drip irrigation in semi-arid region of western Liaoning Province[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2020,31(1):139-147(in Chinese with English abstract).
[7] Zhong F L,Hou M M,He B Z,et al. Assessment on the coupling effects of drip irrigation and organic fertilization based on entropy weight coefficient model[J]. PeerJ,2017,5(10):e3855.
[8] 王启龙,卢楠,庞喆. 不同灌水方式对温室番茄土壤理化性状与产量的影响[J]. 灌溉排水学报,2018,37(S2):36-39. Wang Q L,Lu N,Pang Z. Effects of different irrigation methods on soil physiochemical property and growth of tomato in newly increased cultivated lands[J]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage,2018,37(S2):36-39(in Chinese with English abstract).
[9] 刘颖. 灌溉方式与施肥配比对大葱产量品质及水肥利用效率的影响[D]. 泰安:山东农业大学,2019. Liu Y. Effect of irrigation and fertilization proportion on yield,quality and water-fertilizer use efficiency of Welsh onion[D]. Tai’an:Shandong Agricultural University,2019(in Chinese with English abstract).
[10] 丁艳宏,屈忠义,李昌见,等. 不同灌溉水源及方式对玉米生长特性及水肥利用效率的影响[J]. 灌溉排水学报,2018,37(8):1-7. Ding Y H,Qu Z Y,Li C J,et al. Effects of different water sources and irrigation methods on growth and water-fertilizer use efficiency of maize[J]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage,2018,37(8):1-7(in Chinese with English abstract).
[11] 蔡树美,张中华,徐四新,等. 不同灌溉方式下施氮水平对设施春黄瓜产量及氮肥利用率的影响[J]. 生态与农村环境学报,2018,34(7):606-613. Cai S M,Zhang Z H,Xu S X,et al. Effects of different irrigation pattern and nitrogen input levels on fruit yield and N use efficiency of greenhouse cucumber in early spring[J]. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment,2018,34(7):606-613(in Chinese with English abstract).
[12] Bai S S,Kang Y H,Wan S Q. Drip fertigation regimes for winter wheat in the North China Plain[J]. Agricultural Water Management,2020,228:105885.
[13] 朱德宁,韩宇,房伟民,等. 多花型园林小菊品质评价与品种筛选[J]. 南京农业大学学报,2018,41(2):266-274. DOI:10.7685/jnau.201705031. Zhang D N,Han Y,Fang W M,et al. Studies on the quality evaluation and variety selection of multi-flower garden Chrysanthemum[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(2):266-274(in Chinese with English abstract).
[14] Li F,Zhang H R,Zhao H S,et al. Chrysanthemum CmHSFA4 gene positively regulates salt stress tolerance in transgenic chrysanthemum[J]. Plant Biotechnology Journal,2018,16(7):1311-1321.
[15] 张同庆,石卫东,訾东乾,等. 怀菊花病虫害绿色防控技术[J]. 河南农业,2019(28):36. Zhang T Q,Shi W D,Zi D Q,et al. Green prevention and control technology for chrysanthemum diseases and insect pests[J]. Henan Agriculture,2019(28):36(in Chinese).
[16] Yang G Z,Tang H Y,Nie Y C,et al. Responses of cotton growth,yield,and biomass to nitrogen split application ratio[J]. European Journal of Agronomy,2011,35(3):164-170.
[17] 马宁,李亚娇,苏生,等. 氮磷钾配施对北林202紫花苜蓿产量和品质的影响[J]. 草原与草坪,2018,38(6):48-54. Ma N,Li Y J,Su S,et al. Effects of nitrogen,phosphorus,and potassium ratio fertilizer on the yield and quality of Medicago sativa cv. Beilin 202[J]. Grassland and Turf,2018,38(6):48-54(in Chinese with English abstract).
[18] 鲁泽刚,卢迎春,张广辉,等. 氮磷钾配施对灯盏花产量和品质的影响及肥料效应[J]. 核农学报,2019,33(3):616-622. Lu Z G,Lu Y C,Zhang G H,et al. Effects of combined application of NPK fertilizers on yield and quality of Erigeron breviscapus and its fertilizer interaction[J]. Journal of Nuclear Agricultural sciences,2019,33(3):616-622(in Chinese with English abstract).
[19] 丁雪梅. 不同氮磷钾组合对大丽花生长发育的影响[D]. 泰安:山东农业大学,2012. Ding X M. Effect of different combinations of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium on the growth and development of Dahlia pinnata[D]. Tai’an:Shandong Agricultural University,2012(in Chinese with English abstract).
[20] 龙素霞,李芳芳,石书亚,等. 氮磷钾配施对小麦植株养分吸收利用和产量的影响[J]. 作物杂志,2018(6):96-102. Long S X,Li F F,Shi S Y,et al. Effects of coordinately application of nitrogen,phosphorus,and potassium on nutrient contents in plants and soil and wheat yield[J]. Crop Magazine,2018(6):96-102(in Chinese with English abstract).
[21] 陈昱铭,李倩,王玉祥,等. 氮、磷、钾肥对苜蓿产量、根瘤菌及养分吸收利用率的影响[J]. 干旱区资源与环境,2019,33(7):174-180. Chen Y M,Li Q,Wang Y X,et al. Effects of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on application yield,Rhizobium and nutrient uptake and utilization of alfalfa[J]. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2019,33(7):174-180(in Chinese with English abstract).
[22] 张永发,吴小平,王文斌,等. 不同氮水平下橡胶树氮素贮藏及翌年分配利用特性[J]. 热带作物学报,2019,40(12):2313-2320. Zhang Y F,Wu X P,Wang W B,et al. Effects of different N rates on storage and remobilization of urea-15N by rubber tree[J]. Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops,2019,40(12):2313-2320(in Chinese with English abstract).
[23] 林玉红. 兰州食用百合生长发育及氮磷钾素养分吸收累积与分配规律研究[J]. 甘肃农业科技,2019(12):8-18. Lin Y H. Study on the growth,accumulation and distribution of nitrogen,phosphorus and potassium nutrients in Lanzhou edible lily[J]. Gansu Agricultural Science and Technology,2019(12):8-18(in Chinese with English abstract).

相似文献/References:

[1]房伟民,郭维明,陈俊愉,等.苗龄对切花菊精云花芽分化与品质的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2010,33(1):49.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.01.010]
 FANG Wei-min,GUO Wei-ming,CHEN Jun-yu,et al.Effect of cutting age on flower bud differentiation and flower quality of cut chrysanthemum Seiun[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2010,33(6):49.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2010.01.010]
[2]郭维明,曾武清,陈发棣.乙烯对切花菊衰老的调节[J].南京农业大学学报,1997,20(4):24.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.04.005]
 Guo Weiming,Zeng Wuqing,Chen Fadi.REGULATION OF ETHYLENE ON SENESCENCE OF CUT CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1997,20(6):24.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1997.04.005]
[3]王彭伟,郭维明.不同保鲜措施对切花菊膜稳定性及瓶插寿命的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,1996,19(1):101.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1996.01.020]
 Wang Pengwei Guo Weiming Zeng Wuqing Tao Gongjun.EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TREATMENTS ON MEMBRANE STABILITY AND VASE LIFE OF CUT-FLOWER CHRYSANTHEMUM[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,1996,19(6):101.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1996.01.020]
[4]孙静,曾俊,王银杰,等.20个切花菊品种抗旱性评价与筛选[J].南京农业大学学报,2013,36(1):24.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.01.005]
 SUN Jing,ZENG Jun,WANG Yinjie,et al.Evaluation and screening of drought stress tolerance in 20 cut chrysanthemum varieties[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2013,36(6):24.[doi:10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.2013.01.005]
[5]沈凤,蒋逍逍,房伟民,等.切花菊叶片的遗传多样性分析[J].南京农业大学学报,2018,41(2):275.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201703036]
 SHEN Feng,JIANG Xiaoxiao,FANG Weimin,et al.Genetic diversity analysis of cut chrysanthemum leaves[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2018,41(6):275.[doi:10.7685/jnau.201703036]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-01-03。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFD1001500);江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目[CX(18)2020];江苏省重点研发计划项目(BE2019384);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(KYYJ201905)
作者简介:方馨妍,硕士研究生。
通信作者:赵爽,副教授,主要从事花卉营养与土壤微生物研究,E-mail:zhaoshuang@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01