[1]胡小璇,江尚焘,安祥瑞,等.有机无机肥配施对芒果产量与品质及经济效益的影响[J].南京农业大学学报,2020,43(6):1107-1115.[doi:10.7685/jnau.202003024]
 HU Xiaoxuan,JIANG Shangtao,AN Xiangrui,et al.Effects of combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers on mango yield,quality and economic benefit[J].Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University,2020,43(6):1107-1115.[doi:10.7685/jnau.202003024]
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有机无机肥配施对芒果产量与品质及经济效益的影响()
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《南京农业大学学报》[ISSN:1000-2030/CN:32-1148/S]

卷:
43卷
期数:
2020年6期
页码:
1107-1115
栏目:
生物与环境
出版日期:
2020-11-10

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers on mango yield,quality and economic benefit
作者:
胡小璇1 江尚焘1 安祥瑞1 吴文利1 谢昶琰1 沈宗专1 王蓓蓓2 魏志远3 徐阳春1 董彩霞1 沈其荣1
1. 南京农业大学江苏省固体有机废弃物资源化高技术研究重点实验室/江苏省有机固体废弃物协同创新中心/教育部资源节约型肥料工程技术研究中心, 江苏 南京 210095;
2. 海南大学农林学院, 海南 海口 570100;
3. 中国热带农业科学院热带作物品种资源研究所, 海南 海口 570100
Author(s):
HU Xiaoxuan1 JIANG Shangtao1 AN Xiangrui1 WU Wenli1 XIE Changyan1 SHEN Zongzhuan1 WANG Beibei2 WEI Zhiyuan3 XU Yangchun1 DONG Caixia1 S
1. Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab of Solid Organic Waste Utilization/Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Solid Organic Wastes/Educational Ministry Engineering Center of Resource-Saving Fertilizers, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
2. College of Agriculture and Forestry, Hainan University, Haikou 570100, China;
3. Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou 570100, China
关键词:
芒果有机肥产量品质土壤肥力
Keywords:
mangoorganic fertilizeryieldqualitysoil fertility
分类号:
S667.7
DOI:
10.7685/jnau.202003024
摘要:
[目的] 针对海南省中西部芒果园土壤砂性强、有机质含量低和芒果产量低的现状,研究不同用量生物有机肥与普通有机肥对芒果产量和品质及经济效益等的影响,旨在为芒果生产上合理施用有机肥提供理论依据。[方法] 以18年生芒果树为研究对象,设置5个施肥处理:以常规施肥(只施化肥,CF)为对照,在此基础上减少33%的化学养分(氮、磷、钾)并配施每株5或15 kg普通羊粪有机肥(OF5、OF15)及促生生物有机肥(BIO5、BIO15),测定芒果产量品质并计算经济效益。[结果] 与CF相比,OF15处理芒果产量呈增加趋势,BIO15处理产量显著增加,分别提高了11.63%和25.70%;有机肥处理下芒果果实综合品质高于CF处理,可溶性固形物含量平均增加11.46%~33.15%,维生素C含量平均增加12.53%~13.01%;各处理叶片及花序中营养元素含量均从大到小依次为氮、钾、磷,3个时期不同处理叶片氮、磷、钾含量变化趋势相似,叶片氮含量从梢期到果实成熟期呈增加趋势,花序氮含量略高于同期叶片,叶片磷、钾含量从梢期到果实成熟期呈下降趋势,花序中的磷、钾含量均高于叶片;整体来看,与CF处理相比,羊粪有机肥处理显著提高土壤pH值,各有机肥处理不同程度提高土壤有机质含量,且有机肥处理的土壤有效磷及有效钾含量均高于CF处理;OF15和BIO15处理的经济效益比CF处理分别提高8.39%和16.14%。[结论] 综合考虑果实产量及品质、叶片养分、土壤肥力及经济效益,在减少33%化肥养分投入下单株施15 kg生物有机肥处理表现最佳,其次是单株施15 kg普通羊粪有机肥,因此在进行化肥减施时应提高有机肥的用量。
Abstract:
[Objectives] The problems such astypical sandy soil,and low soil organic matter,and low mango yield were common in the central and western regions of Hainan Province. A field trial was conducted to study the effects of different rate of bio-organic fertilizer and commercial organic fertilizer on mango yield,fruit qualities and economic benefits,aiming to provide theoretical basis for the reasonable application of organic fertilizer.[Methods] 18-year old mango trees were used as materials in this study,and there were five fertilization treatments:the control was conventional fertilization(chemical fertilizer only,CF),33% of chemical nutrients(N,P,K) were reduced and commercial sheep manure was combined at 5 kg per plant(OF5) and 15 kg per plant(OF15) or bio-organic fertilizer was combined at 5 kg per plant(BIO5) and 15 kg per plant(BIO15). Yield and fruit quality were determined and economic benefit was calculated.[Results] Compared with CF,the yield in OF15 treatment had an increasing trend. And the yields in OF15 and BIO15 treatment were 11.63% and 25.70% higher than that in CF treatment,respectively. The fruit quality of mango in organic fertilizer treatments was higher than that in CF treatment. The soluble solid content increased by 11.46%-33.15% on average,and the vitamin C content increased by 12.53%-13.01% on average. The contents of nutrient elements in leaves and inflorescence were N,K,P from large to small. The concentration variation trends over growth stages were similar among macro-nutrients. Leaf nitrogen content had an increasing trend from the shoot stage to the maturity stage,and the nitrogen content of flowers was slightly higher than that of leaves in the same period. The leaves phosphorus and potassium contents had a downward trend from the shoot stage to the maturity stage. The phosphorus and potassium contents in flowers were higher than thoes in leaves. Overall,compared with CF treatment,sheep manure organic fertilizer treatment significantly increased soil pH value. The application of organic fertilizer could increase soil organic matter,and the mineral nitrogen,available phosphorus,and available potassium content in OF and BIO treatments were higher than that in CF treatment. The economic benefit of OF15 and BIO15 treatments were 8.39% and 16.14% higher than that of CF treatment,respectively.[Conclusions] The application of 15 kg per plant of bio-organic fertilizer was the best treatment when reducing 33% chemical fertilizer uses,followed by 15 kg per plant of sheep manure under this experimental conditions. The amount of organic fertilizer should be increased when reducing chemical fertilizer application.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-03-11。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0202101);广西科技基地和人才专项(桂科AD20159001)
作者简介:胡小璇,硕士研究生。
通信作者:董彩霞,教授,研究方向为果树营养和施肥、矿质营养生理与分子研究,E-mail:cxdong@njau.edu.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01